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The Magazine For Apple III Owners and Users / 


y /// /// /// /// /// /// /// /// /// /// /// /// /// /// /// /// /// /// /// 

Volume 4, Number 10 

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W MR. ■ 




October 1987 






Get off and Punning ^ith the ON THREE O'CIOCk! 

Let ON THREE O'Clock be your stop watch today! 


plus $3 s/h 

Have you read or heard about the ON 
THREE O'clock but you really don't know 
what it can do for you? 

Imagine this - 

An insurance broker is using his Apple ///for all of his 
small business' accounting needs. However, he 
can't remember when he had last entered updated 
information about the latest insurance firm he is 
representing. A client walks into the office and 
needs this type of information to consider switching 
his policy to the latest insurance company his bro- 
ker is representing. What does the broker do? Well, 
if he doesn't have a clock chip installed, he may 
remember how helpful it would have been and imme- 
diately call ON THREE so the same problem doesn't 
occur again or he may already have the chip and can 
easily check the time and date stamped file to see 
when he had updated the file. 

Remember, when the Apple /// was first 
released, the supplier of Apple 
Computer's clock chips could not supply 
a working clock. As a result, the /// did not 
have a clock of any sort. But, not too long 
after that, ON THHEE developed a clock 
forthe Apple ///which plugs in right where 
the never-released Apple clock was 
supposed to go. 

For merely $49.95 plus shipping and handling, you won't have to worry anymore about your updated 
files. This easy-to-install, SOS-compatible clock can be yours. It comes with comprehensive 
instructions and ON THREE'S six-month limited warranty and it does not use any of your machine's 
precious slots. 

With a clock installed, whenever you save or modify any type of file, the current time and date will be 
added to the directory listing so you can always tell a glance which file you at worked on, and when. 
But that's not all. Business Basic has two reserve variables, DATE$ and TIME$, which return, 
respectively, the current date and time to your BASIC program. These reserved variables can then 
be used whenever you want to print the date and/or time in a BASIC program. 

Special Combination Offer 

There's a great deal more you can do with ON THREE'S O'Clock if you have the Desktop Manager. 
Wherever you want, you can display the current date and time on the screen with one keypress. 
Since this is a background function, you can be word processing with AppleWriter or entering data 
in VisiCalc and with one keystroke you can obtain updated time information. In addition, you can 
use the Desktop Manager's appointment calendar to enter appointments or messages. Like 
magic, no matter what you are doing, the system will alert you of the appointment. 

The Desktop Manager also includes a calculator and a notepad for your convenience. Purchased 
together, ON THREE oiiers the clock and the Desktop Manager ior only $165.95 plus $8 s/h. 

Desktop Manager/ ON THREE O'Clock Combo 
, $165-95 plus $8 s/h ^ 


Bob Consorti 


Paula Sheppard 


Joseph Consorti 

Janet Schanz 

Customer Service 

Lynne Miller 

Technical Support: 

Dave Christenson 
Research & Development: 

Tim Harrington 

Order Department: 

(800) 443-8877 (toll-free) 
(800) 331-1418 (in California) 
Technical Questions; 

ON THREE-The Reference Source for tfie 
Apple /// is published monthly by ON THREE, 
4478 Market Street, Suite 701, Ventura, CA 
93003 (P.O. Box 3825, Ventura, CA 93006). 
For a copy of author guidelines, send a 
stamped, self -addressed envelope to the above 
address. Current page rate is $25 per printed 

Return postage must accompany all submitted 
manuscripts, diskettes and drawings if they are 
to be returned. All nranuscripts lonaer than 500 
words or program listings longer tnan one-half 
page must be accompanied by a diskette to be 
considered. No responsibilKy can be assumed 
for unsolicited materials. All letters received by 
ON THREE unless specifically marked to the 
contrary will be considered as unconditionally 
assigned for publication and are subject to ON 
THREES right to edit and comment editorially. 
Your full address will be published only when 
specifically requested. 

Subscrbtion information: 

U.S.: $40 for 1 2 issues. First Class service, 
$^2 additional. 
Foreign subscription information: 

Canada, Mexico, APO, FPO: $20 additional, 
$60 total. 

S. America, Europe: $44 additional. $84 total. 

Pac. Islands, Asia, Australia, Mid-East: $44 
additional, $84 total. 

Back issues: 

Available for $5 each. Please indicate issues 
Postage for ON THREE products: 

U.S.: listed on enclosed product price sheet. 

Canada and Mexico: double listed U.S. price. 

Outside North America: four times the listed 
U.S. price. 

All funds njust be remitted in U.S. dollars drawn 
on a U.S. bank or funds in your native currency 
at the current exchange rate drawn on a bank in 
your country. Group purchases must have one 
common mailing address. Please contact ON 
THREE at the above address for information on 
current volume pricing and terms. 

ON THREE is a registered trademark of ON 
THREE, Inc. Apple, Apple ][. Apple ][ plus, Apple 
///, Apple /// plus, Applesoft, Apple Business 
Basic, Disk ][, Disk ///, UniDisk, Lisa, LisaDraw, 
Macintosh, MacPaint, MacWrite and ProFile are 
registered trademark of Apple Computer, Inc. 
Micro-Sci and Gameport /// are registered 
trademarks of Standum Controls, Inc. Selector 
/// is a registered trademark of Sabre Software, 
Inc. ON THREE O'Clock. Lazarus ///, Draw ON ///, 
Desktop Manner and ONTIME are registered 
trademarks of ON THREE, Inc. 

Opinions expressed in this magazine are those 
or individual authors and staff and not 
necessarily those of ON THREE. 

Copyright (c) 1987 by ON THREE. 
(S^N (5889-6429) All rights reserved. 




'^ill "7^*1'// ''''///''■'■ '"'"fable' of "ill III 

Volume 4, No. 10 

October 1987 


Three E-Z Pieces 5 

Robert Graham, Jr. 

Programmer's Paradise 21 

ON THREE developers 

Three in one - /// E-Z Pieces 
is a program designed for 
word processing, spread- 
sheets and it even is a data 
base. This article is the first 
in a three-part series on /// 
E-Z Pieces. 

It is paradise for programmers 
this month, as ON THREE 
staff developers give a few 
clues and tidbits on every type 
of Apple /// programmmg. 
This may become a regular 
part of the magazine. 

TCM, XModem /// Matchup 9 

Edward N. Gooding, Sr. 

Program Versions 23 
David Ottalini 

While readers had just begun 
an in-depth look at TCM and 
XModem /// last month, 
telecommunicator Ed Good- 
ing will take the review one 
step further with a closer 
analysis of the features. 

What every Uftx has been wait- 
ing for - an updated list of the 
program versions for most 
every Apple /// program made. 
Dave has left a few blanks for 
readers to fill in, too. 

:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.w:.:.:«^^^^^^^^^^ • ... 



Paula Sheppard 


Apple User Groups 


ON THREE Price List 


One, Two, ///Forum 


Richard and Lavona Rann 


De Classifieds 




Call Three: Hot Line 



GAMES GALORE! Whatever your game is, why not play it on your 
///? From gambling to arcade games to crossword puzzles, ON THREE 
encourages ///ers to take time out this month to play a few games. 

Smart users select the 

Selector /// 

The smart Program Switching utiiity 


• Switch to Selector /// now 

• Ideal for UniDisk or hard disk systems 

• Compatible with more than two dozen 
major Apple /// applications 

• AppleWriter /// 

• Business Basic 

• Haba Merge 

• VisiCalc 

• /// E-Z Pieces 
. . . and more 


plus $7 s/h 

Selector/// Is a state-of-the art program switcher. 

A program switcher is a utility that functions as your computer- 
ized personal secretary. Its purpose is to make instantly available 
to you, without rebooting, a wide range of applications programs 
stored on your hard disk or high capacity floppy (such as UniDisk). 
Programs such as AppleWriter///, Quick File ///and more than 
two dozen others. 

Each time you require a different application, just tell your 
personal secretary. Selector ///, with a couple of keystrokes, 
and it will be there in seconds. No need to find your way through 
sub-directories or paw through a stack of floppies. 

When you start your system up in the morning, just boot 
Selector/// and that's it for the day. Smart users are switching to 
and with Selector/// now. 

Selector /// works with all of these programs: 

•^ Access /// 

•^ Business Basic 

•^ Multiplan 

•^ Access 3270 

•^ Business Graphics 

>^ Nexus 

•^ Advanced VisiCalc 

•^ Cobol 

>^ PFS: File * 

»^ Apple 11 Emulation 

t^ Draw ON /// 

u^ PFS: Graph * 

•^ AppleFlle /// 

•^ Easyterm 

•^ PFS: Report * 

•^ Apple Speller /// 

•^ Graph'n Calc 

•^ Quick File /// 

•^ Apple /// Pascal 

t^ Haba Merge 

•^ Script /// 

•^ AppleWriter /// 

«^ Keystroke Data Base * 

•^ Senior Analyst /// 

•^ Backup /// 

•^ Keystroke Report 

•^ VisiCalc /// 

•> BPI 

Generator * 
t^ Lazarus /// 

i^ /// E-Z Pieces 

*lndicates boot disk required in 

internal drive. 

Selector/// $ 

lipping & handling 

ON THREE 1805)644-3514 
P.O. Box 3825 
Ventura, CA 93006 

Sfinri rriR Sfilfintnr Ills 




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*3% surcharge on American Express 
California residents add 6% sales tax. 


by Paula Sheppard 

Computer cravings 

Often computer operators who use 
their systems for both business and 
pleasure find it hard to turn away 
from reading about the latest com- 
puter technology. I am going to list 
the 12 steps in de-computerizing 
computerholics. No, friends, I am not 

Actually, I would like to share with 
readers some of the latest develop- 
ments that I have heard about and 
even seen from various sources. For 
me, graphics is most appealing. How- 
ever, I wouldn't mind a bit if I had a 
computer to clean my house like in 
the old cartoon George Jetson. Film 
producers such as George Lucas and 
others in the sci-fi world have 
brought the computer world into 
many households. My favorite 
example of a computer-influenced 
movie was "Space Balls," with Mel 
Brooks. The sattire, which hit on 
most every industry and every person- 
ality, threw in an R2D2 character 
named Dot Matrix for Apple fans as 
the matron of honor. I think I was the 
only one in the theatre who under- 
stood that bit of humor! 

Back to reality, though, the closest 
thing I have found to any of the sci-fi 
dreams is a car that looks almost as 
nice as Kit in Knight Rider. Even 
though the red Ferrari is not real, it 
sure looks like the real thing when it 
is on an Apple IIgs. By the way, the 
car I am referring to comes from a 
program called "816/Paint." Wouldn't 
It be great to get these type of graph- 
ics on the ///? Graphics programmer 
Mel Astrahan has provided the /// 
world with his expertise in this field 
and has produced some fantastic 
graphics programs and games. The 
best part, though, is that he has 
shared some of his insight so other 
programmers can benefit! 

Speaking of Mel, he put together a 
version of the only arcade game I am 
comfortable with these days - Miss 
PacMan. I tried a new arcade game 
called "Outrun" which would have 
been my best arcade buddy but I felt 

as though I was riding a bucking 
machine as my seat twirled around the 
comers as I raced down the freeway 
headed to Malibu beach in this 
marvelous make-believe game, which 
was too real for me. The big surprise 
came when I ran into another car on 
the freeway and a man and woman 
pop out of the car - dead! So I gladly 
escaped to Miss PacMan. Mel's 
version of Miss PacMan or PacMan, 
Mr. Sandman is fantastic! You don't 
know what you're missing until you 
see your favorite little friends. 
Grouchy, Harpy, Chicky and the 
Woz appear on your ///s color 
monitor! See our friends on this 
month's cover. Aren't they enticing 
you to play Mr. Sandman? 

Also in the animation department, 
there is a program for the Apple II 
series of computers which allows a 
user to make his or her own animated 
scenes with backgrounds to show on 
a VCR or use as part of a movie! 

Mel Astrahan has 
produced some 
fantastic graphics 
programs and games. 

On a more serious level, computer 
graphics have aided the law enforce- 
ment tremendously. One of the best 
examples I can give is that of com- 
putenzed graphics used to help find 
missing children. In television spec- 
ials concerning missing children, the 
ability to age a child's photograph has 
proved to be successful, leading 
many missing children home. This is 
just one example of computerized 
photography. Whether it is in the dark- 
room or in desktop publishing, com- 
puters have made what started out as 
a peep hole in a tent an easy com- 
puterized chore! 

Besides graphics, speed has played 
an important role m the computer 
world. A few months ago I talked 

about the speed gained by using tele- 
communications packages. As a per- 
son becomes more and more familiar 
with services such as CompuServe or 
the //fs Company bbs, it only takes 
about five minutes to connect, grab 
the files you want to view, leave a 
couple of messages and be off-line! 
Speed also comes in handy in every- 
day life. Recently, I needed an update 
on my credit line at a local department 
store. My good standing credit line 
was established in another state, and 
much to my surprise, within 10 min- 
utes, everything was updated without 
any difficulties. The computerized sy- 
stem worked great! Loans are approv- 
ed almost instantaneously along with 
credit checks in this same manner. 

Some of the most outstanding im- 
provements I have noticed in software 
development include speed. Tasks 
which a person would think would 
take hours to complete, only take 30 
minutes. Could you imagine loading 
an 80 page documentation? Not on a 
///, of course, but on another one of 
Apple's fine computers, such as a 
Macintosh. In one program, it only 
takes about 30 minutes! I had 
expected the system to bomb - but no, 
it aid just fine! 

Of course, there are many /// tasks 
that I sometimes can hardly believe. 
One of my favorites, is on Earl 
Brelje's Super Disk No. 2 for the 
DesKtop Manager. I love the print 
screen menu which allows a user to 
form feed or line feed to the printer, 
while the printer is on-line, it is a 
nifty little device for those of us who 
are a bit lazy. Secondly, I truly enjoy 
the ability to view an entire file within 
a file. I save a lot of time with this 
process as I get out the clipboard 
tools and do wonders with cutting 
and pasting from one file to the next. 
If you haven't bought Earl's Super 
Disk, you're missing out on a lot of 
nifty httie tasks which help speed up 
your everyday usage of the ///! 

Perhaps I have merely touched base 
as to why there are so many computer- 

ON THREE October. 1987 

holies today, but each of us could talk 
for weeks about our own experiences 
in the "Computer Worid." Instead, 
ON THREE has chosen a way for 
everyone to benefit from some of the 
computer graphics. Just look at the 
back cover of this issue and see what 
kind of special ON THREE is offering 
on /// games. 

Just for you 

This month, I have taken to heart 
some of the cries for variety in the 
magazine. Programmers, we have 
heard your questions and now are an- 
swering them in print! ON THREE 
programmer Tim Harrington put to- 
gether the article, "Programmers' 
Paradise" for all programmers to 

Also, as promised, I have devised a 
way to test beginners and new ON 
THREE subscnbers on what they 
have been leaming in the magazine re- 
centlv. Look for our first crossword 
puzzle! It's a great way to test your 
knowledge and it's better than any 
pop quiz. I trust you won't cheat and 
look at the answers in the back of the 
For everyone, ON THREE has felt all 

along that the subscribers are special 
breed of ///ers. Because you make 
this magazine happen, we want to 
help you add to your software collec- 
tion so each month we will be featur- 
ing a software product on sale, just 
for subscribers. Also, you may find 
some cash floating around in the 
pages. Just pick it up and send it in 
with your order. 

Forum fanatics 

It is important to note that we have 
been receiving a lot of mail asking if 
we are going to make certain hard- 
ware products for the Apple ///. As 
Lavona and Richard Rann noted this 
month in Ranntings, each letter an- 
swered costs about $10 to write and 
send out. ON THREE president Bob 
Consorti has asked that those ///ers 
who want to know what will or will 
not be made for ///, just simply make 
your request of what you would like 
to see and don't expect ON THREE to 
respond to these types of letters. We 
will no longer be answering these 
letters, but rather adding vour name to 
a wish list along with a description of 
the product you would like to see 
produced. The chances are very slim 
that any more hardware will be made 
for the Apple ///. So please refrain 

from asking for hardware. 

One more request, all letters written to 
ON THREE must include the users 
name, ftiU address and signature on 
the letter. This is vital for answering 

We still need to see more questions 
for forum, just make sure they fall 
under the above mentioned guide- 
lines. We want your letters to help 
other ///ers. 


Lastly, I hope that the beginners do 
not panic as "The Beginning ///" col- 
umn has somehow been left out of 
this issue. It is not gone forever. ON 
THREE has allowed time for authors 
Richard and Lavona Rann to watch a 
few football games and recover from 
the hard work they have put into 
Phase III - which we should have a 
report on in the near future. Instead, 
we suggest that beginners follow 
along in Bob Grahams tutorial on /// 
E-Z Pieces for the next three months. 
Although Richard and Lavona are in 
front or the television, they have not 
forgot about the Ranntings column 
(they wrote during commercial 
breaks), so enjoy! .///-///-///- 


Draw ON /// - $179 plus $5 s/h 

The Graphics Tool for the Apple /// 


ON THREE is very proud to announce Draw On///. Draw 
ON brings the power of LisaDraw and MacPaint to your 
Apple ///. Powerful cut and paste facilities let you create 
almost anything that you can visualize. Very fast, Draw 
ON lets you "pick up" objects on the screen and "Drag" 
them around in real-time. This is the most exciting package 
ever for the ///. With Draw ON you can become a one 
person graphic arts studio! 

Since it works in any of the Apple Ill's color or B/W graphic 
modes and can quickly print out any picture you create, 
Draw ON is the first program to fully take advantage of the 
Apple ///'s tremendous graphic capabilities. Complex, 
pseudo three-dimensional figures are easy to create as 
you can place objects in front of or behind previously drawn 
objects. CAD is also possible with the powerful "rubber- 
banding" and grids available. 


Ever been bored with some of the graphics that your busi- wmmmmmm - " 

ness charting programs create? Would you like to add iiiH^l^ure wa$ =or08l^«l with ^ri Ap&t^ /// gin<f 

different titles? Change the "Look" of the graphs? Use ||iii«j| Wr m^pfogmm mqaireim Appie/// 

different colors or even texture your graphs? It's all a snap «i|i|ii|^^ m m Apph /// ptUB. ^ 

with Draw OH III \ Built-in help screens help you master ^^^^^^ 

this powerful program and there is a top quality instruction 

manual that rivals the beautiful books that Apple itself Don't Miss Out On This Offer! 

makes. •'•' 


October, 1987 


Three E-Z Pieces 

by Robert Graham 

Powerful word processing 

(Editor's note: This is the first of a 
three-part series on III E-Z Pieces) 

Three E-Z Pieces is a powerful, inte- 
grated program which combines tihe 
mree most used types of computer ap- 

ghcations: word processing, data 
ase, and spreadsheet, into one pack- 
age. Since /// E-Z Pieces is integrated, 
a user can move data with ease from 
one file to another or from one appli- 
cation to another. For example, one 
can copy a colurmi of figures from a 
spreadsheet file into a business letter 
on a word processor file, and address 
the letter by copying the necessary 
information from a database file. 

While /// E-Z Pieces is a large, com- 
plex, and powerful program, it is 
easy to learn and use. Three E-Z 
Pieces uses a desktop metaphor to 
help zip through it. The program auto- 
matically reserves a portion of the ///s 
memory as a desktop which can pile 
up to 12 data files. Each time one of 
the program's functions is invoked 
(like "Add files to the Desktop") a pic- 
ture of a file folder is displayed. List- 
ed on the file folder is a menu of pro- 
gram functions. To choose a func- 
tion, simply enter the number of the 
function you want, or move the cur- 
sor to the choice and press RETURN. 
In moving through various functions, 
folder after folder will appear to open 
up the screen. These file folders are 
clearly marked so you're always 
where you are, where you have been, 
and where you can go within the 

Move data from one file to another by 
using the clipboard, another reserved 
portion of the Apple ///s memory. It 
acts as a buffer onto which you can 
temporarily store up to 225 lines of 
text or other data before moving it 
into another file (Move this data into a 
file or you will lose it when you quit 
the program). 

The user can also jump between fik^s 
on the desktop by pressing the OPEN 
APPLE Q keys. A window will ap- 

pear listing aU the files on the desk- 
top. Choose the file you want by us- 
ing the arrow keys and press RE- 
TURN. When jumping back to the 
file, /// E-Z Pieces will put you back 
exactly where you were. 

The program's command structure is 
easy to remember since it always uses 
the "Open- Apple" combination. Press- 
ins OPEN-APPLE-C copies data and 
OPEN-APPLE-D deletes data. Three 
E-Z Pieces even cuts down the num- 
ber of commands to learn. For in- 
stance, pressing OPEN- APPLE S, 
will automatically save whatever file 
you're working on, whether it's a 
word processor, spreadsheet, or data 
base file. If you should ever forget a 
command, just get help by pressing 
the OPEN- APPLE and '7" keys. 

Three E-Z Pieces is a relatively fool- 

Apple Works and 
/// E-Z Pieces can 
read each others files 
directly without 
any modification 

proof program. Whenever you are 
about to do something that might des- 
troy a lot of work, like deleting a file, 
or quitting the program without sav- 
ing a file, the program will always 
ask, "Do you really want to do this?" 

Users can format floppy disks, list 
files, delete files, and change the 
printer configuration without exiting 
rrom the program. With a clock chip 
installed m your Apple ///, , /// E-Z 
Pieces will automatically date and 
time stamp your files. Three E-Z 
Pieces can read from and print to 
ASCII, DIE, Quick File, and VisiCalc 
files. With this program, all of these 
features are available at all times with- 
out the headaches of constantly hav- 
ing to boot up different programs. 

Three E-Z Pieces is the Apple /// ver- 
sion of AppleWorks - the Apple II 
series program which has sold more 
than 500,000 copies and is one of the 
most popular software programs in 
the world. Almost all of the informa- 
tion available on AppleWorks pertains 
to /// E-Z Pieces; however, the latest 
release of AppleWorks (Version 2.0), 
has a few small features that /// E-Z 
Pieces lacks, they are minor quibbles 
aside, the exact same program. 

Perhaps even more important for 
///ers IS the fact that AppleWorks and 
/// E-Z Pieces can read each others 
files directly and without any modifi- 
cation whatsoever. If you use an 
Apple lit or lie at home, work, or at 
scnool with AppleWorks, you can 
work on the exact same files with /// 
E-Z Pieces on your Apple ///. Further- 
more, all spelling checkers, grammar 
checkers, chart makers, and access- 
ories available for AppleWorks and 
running on an Apple 11 (or even bet- 
ter, an Apple /// equipped with a Titan 
/// + //e card) wiU work perfectly with 
///E-Z Pieces files. 

The most important feature of /// E-Z 
Pieces, though, is its flexibility. 
Word Juggler has more features than 
the /// E-Z Pieces word processor, 
Omnis /// is a more powerful data 
base, and Advanced VisiCalc can 
create larger spreadsheets, but none 
of these programs can rival /// E-Z 
Pieces' ability to handle a wide vari- 
ety of computing tasks simply, quick- 
ly, and well. 

Any Apple /// can run this program, 
but unless you're fond of swapping 
the program and data disks, you'd be 
well advised to invest in an extemal 
floppy disk drive or a hard disk. 
Since this is a large program (it takes 
two disks to boot and load it), the 
amount of RAM (random access 
memory) that your /// has becomes 
very important. If you're using a /// 
with 128K of RAM, you'll only have 
a desktop of about 55K (the equival- 
ent of about 18 single spaced pages of 

ON THREE October, 1987 

text). This is the same skimpy desk- 
top that most IFers have to contend 
with. With a 256K ///, you'U have a 
good sized 180K desktop of about 70 
single spaced pages. If you've sprung 
for the 512K upgrade you'll have a 
whopping 440K desktop- plenty of 
room for your files and an accessory 
program such as ON THREEs Desk- 
top ManagerTM. It's easy to keep 
track of the desktop available at any 
time. The program also shows exactly 
how much room is left by pressing 
the help keys. 

Three E-Z Pieces supports a wide 
variety of popular prmters such as 
Apple's ImageWriter, Epson's MX 
and RX series printers and those print- 
ers that use Qume Sprint emulation. It 
allows one to create one custom print- 
er by entering your printers' cooes. A 
user can designate up to three printers 
for his system, and can easily switch 
between these printers whenever print- 
ing files. 

Three E-Z Pieces comes with a boot 
disk, a program disk, a sample files 
disk and a 250 page manual. Both /// 
E-Z Pieces and AppleWorks were 
written by R.J. Lissner. Although 
Apple Computer Company publishes 

and supports AppleWorks, it neither 
pubfishes nor supports /// E-Z Pieces. 
It is published by Haba Systems and 
is available fi-om ON THREE, 

As I mentioned before, Apple has re- 
leased version 2.0 of AppleWorks (it 
now boasts a mail-merge feature and 
some new spreadsheet functions.) I 
have tried tnis new version on my 
Apple /// , using a Titan /// + //e card. 
Overall, I found the improvements to 
be worthwhile, especially the mail 
merge feature, but certainly not dra- 
matic. Frankly, I wouldn't have 
noticed any changes had I not been 
looking for them. The addition of 
mail merge does not really create any 
file incompatibility between the two 

Erograms since it uses existing data 
ase and word processing files, but 
the new spreadsheet functions might 
cause problems. I'll address this issue 
in my next article. 

No upgrade is planned for /// E-Z 
Pieces, a consequence of interest by 
the Apple /// community being deem- 
ed too small to make such an upgrade 
profitable (see ON THREEs April 
issue). Even without the upgrade, 
however, /// E-Z Pieces remains a 
solid performer. 

The v^^ord processor 

As one article cannot do justice to /// 
E-Z Pieces' extensive compliment of 

Three E-Z Pieces 
supports a wide 
variety of popular 

features, I will concentrate in this ar- 
ticle on /// E-Z Pieces' simple and ele- 
gant word processor. Later articles 
will explore the spreadsheet and data 
base portions of the program. 

Starting up /// E-Z Pieces is easy. 
Simply insert the boot disk in the 
internal drive, and turn your Apple /// 
on. After a few seconds, a message 
will prompt you to insert the program 
disk and press RETURN. Once 
you've done this, you can put away 
the boot disk. It is only used to start 
up the program. 

Three E-Z Pieces users who are only 
using their internal disk drive will 
receive prompts from the program as 
to when they should swap their pro- 

New to the /// community? 

Welcome aboard! Have you been thinking about buying a word processing, data base and spreadsheet program? We 
have just one program for you that does it all! 

Three E-Z Pieces is not merely a word processor but it 
combines the three most common computer applications 
into one package. Get ready for word processing, data 
base and spreadsheets. All sections use similiar 
commands and easy to follow pop-up menus. 

Main Menu 

Add Files 

Get files from: 

1. The current disk: Drive 2 

2. A different disk 

Make a new file for the: 

3. Word Processor 

4. DataBase 

5. Spreadsheet 

Speed - Although the spreadsheet is not as powerful as 
Advanced VisiCalc, it is much faster. Loading and saving 
f iies is from 20 to 30 times faster. 

Efficiency - The data base section is just like the popular 
QuickFile ///, but better. It can handle as many as 3,000 
records per fiie and double the number of fields per 
record. Look fonA/ard to sophisticated record selection, 
sorting and printing combined with lightning fast sorts and 
searches - all in /// E-Z Pieces data base! 

Comparison - The word processor rivals programs like 
AppleWriter and Word Juggler in speed and in use. 
Advanced options such as the ability to cut and paste 
information between your data base, spreadsheet and 
word processor make the program a must for all ///'ers. 

///E"Z Pieces 

$135 plus $3.50 s/h 

October, 1987 


gram and data disks. Otherwise, sim- 
ply insert a formatted data disk in the 
external drive and it's ready. With a 
hard disk, /// E-Z Pieces will install 
easily under Catalyst or Selector ///. 

To create a word processor file, select 
option number one, "Add Files to the 
Desktop," from the file folder shaped 
Main Menu. An "Add Files" file fold- 
er will then appear on top of the Main 
Menu showing the vanous ways to 
add a file to the desktop. You can get 
an existing file from the disk dnve 
designated as "the current disk," you 
can get a file from another disk, or 
you can create a new word processor 

If you choose to add an existing file 
to the desktop, a third file folder will 
appear, listing the volume name of 
that disk, and, in alphabetical order, 
every /// E-Z Pieces file on that disk. 
The last date you saved each of the 
files will be shown. If your Apple /// 
has a clock, both the date and time 
will be shown. To select an existing 
file, simply use the DOWN arrow key 
until the nle you want is highlighted., 
and then press RETURN. 

If you choose to create a new file, the 
program will ask you to type a name 
lor the file.Three E-Z Pieces gives 
you great versatility with naming 
files. The only rules are that they 
must begin with a letter and be 15 
characters or less in length. Apple- 
Works, though, only allows 12 char- 
acter file names. The program lets 
you change the file name whenever 
you'd like by simply pressing OPEN 

Once you've selected a new or exist- 
ing file, /// E-Z Pieces wiU send you 
to the Review/Add/Change portion of 
the program. If you've created a new 
file, you'll be greeted by a mostly 
blank screen. Across the top of the 
screen you'll see the name or the file 
and where the ESCAPE key will 
bring you (to the Main Menu). The 
bottom of the screen tells the line num- 
ber and column number that the cur- 
sor occupies, how to get help. Unlike 
many otlier word processors, /// E-Z 
Pieces does not display a page num- 
ber. In order for the program to calcu- 
late what page you're on, press 
OPEN-APPLE-K (for "Kalculate,"), 
then tell the program which printer to 
use. The page breaks are then clearly 
displayed on the screen. 
The cursor is usually in the insert 
mode. When typing with the cursor in 

the insert mode, new words are insert- 
ed wherever you place the cursor. 
Everything to the right of the cursor is 
pushed over. This method of insertion 
IS simple, logical, and eliminates the 
need lor an insert key. By pressing 
OPEN-APPLE-E, shift the cursor in- 
to the strike-over mode. You can type 
over existing parts of the file. 

Since the standard Apple /// keyboard 
lacks a delete key, ///E-Z Pieces auto- 
matically turns the back slash into a 
delete key. Pressing the back slash 
key at the upper right hand comer of 
the keyboard will delete the last char- 
It gives you great 
versatility with 
naming files... 

acter typed. If you have an Apple /// 
plus, as I do, you already have a de- 
lete key, and don't need /// E-Z Pieces 
to turn the back slash key into a delete 
key. It does it anyway. Luckily, there 
are very few times in life when one 
must type a back slash. OPEN - 
APPLE D delete blocks of text quick- 
ly and easily. Deleting text is one of 
the few areas where /// E-Z Pieces is 
not fool proof. When deleting sections 
of text from a file, this program will 
do it without question and there is no 
way to restore the deleted data. 

By pressing OPEN-APPLE-? a dis- 
play of all basic editing commands 
will be seen. These include the cut and 
paste commands. To copy text use 
OPEN- APPLE C or move text within 
the document or the clipboard for use 
in another file with OPEN- APPLE M. 
To set or clear tabs, use OPEN- 
APPLE T. There is also the powerful 
find, OPEN-APPLE F, and to re- 
place, use OPEN- APPLE R. 

The find command is used to find any 
given word or group of words any- 
where in a document. You can also 
set up to 256 markers to find a given 
part of your document. The replace 
command will let you replace one 
word with another. If you decide to 
change the name of a character half- 
way through your novel. For in- 
stance, the replace feature will find 
the character name every time you've 
used it and replace it with a new 
name. It can also be used to speed up 
your typing. In this article, for ex- 
ample, I never typed the name of the 
program. I simply typed an asterisk 
(*) and had the program replace every 

asterisk with "/// E-Z Pieces" after I 
was finished with my writing and edit- 
ing. There is also a sticky space 
(OPEN- APPLE space bar) which wiU 
override the word wrap feature and 
keep a series of words all on one line. 

The printer options menu is displayed 
by pressing OPEN- APPLE O. Across 
the top of this menu is a bar of in- 
verse print which lists the current 
printer options. Below this is a wide 
assortment of printer options, along 
with the two letter code you must type 
to insert them in your file. Among the 
options to choose from are justifi- 
cation (both sides of the document are 
even, like the columns in this mag- 
azine), centering, indenting (including 
hanging and buLleted paragraphs), the 
number of vertical lines per mch, the 
type size, expressed in characters per 
inch (from 4 to 24, depending on 
your printer), and two dinerent types 
of proportional printing (which pro- 
duces handsome output- especially 
on the Image Writer or Apple DMP). 
You can also change margins, add a 
single line header or footer to each 
page, and have the program print the 
page number on each page. You can 
even ask the program to skip lines so 
that they appear on the screen, but not 
on the print out. Underlining, bold- 
face, and subscript commands can 
also be inserted here. There is even a 
new page bang command that will 
override the programs' page breaks 
and start a new page wherever you 

One nifty printer option is Enter Key- 
board. When entering this option, it 
inserts a caret (^) in the file. Later, 
when printing, the printer will stop at 
that point and let you enter one line 
(up to 50 characters) of text. Hit RE- 
TURN, and the computer will print 
what you've just typed, and resume 
printing the entire file. This is perfect 

A new page bang 
command will 
override the pro- 
grams' page breaks 
and start a new page 
wherever you choose. 

for printing a series of form letters 
where only the name or address must 
'x changed on each letter. 

Many word processing experts feel 

ON THREE October, 1987 

that the ideal word processor would 
feature a WYSIWYG display (it 
would look exactly like the print out). 
The program comes close to this, but 
it is not a true "WYSIWYG" pro- 
gram. Words that are underlined or 
boldfaced do not appear that way on 
the screen. Instead, a caret is shown 
at the beginning and the end of the 
text to indicate underlined or bold- 
faced text. To find out what the carets 
in the file represent, simply move the 
cursor over the caret and a message 
such as "Boldface Begin" wiU appear 
at the bottom of the screen. This only 
causes problems if when preparing a 
document that requires a great deal of 
underlining, such as a term paper, 
where you'll soon find yourseli with 
more carets than Bugs Bunny! Make 
sure that every "Underline Begin" has 
an "Underline End" or the rest of the 
document will be underlined. 

What DO YOU get when YOU 
resubscribe to the only 
monthly /// magazine 


You get another year of great articles, 
programs, reviews, letters, graphics 
and much more! 

Once in awhile, ON THREE will be 
throwing in a $5 of software credit for 

If your mailing label has 

OCT or NOV 87 

on it, it is time to renew. 

So send you money now - don't delay- 
for the great opportunity to save 
money. Just think, if you can clip 1 2 $5 
bills a year from the magazine, you'll 
actually be getting your magazine for 
FREE plus $20 extra! A deal you 
can't miss out on! 

Call the toll free lines to order! 

If you are moving soon - don't forget to 
call and tell us your new address two 
months in advance if possible. Due to 
the fact that bulk mail is not forwarded, 
ON THRE magazine will not be for- 
warded by the post office to your new 
address - so please call us or fill out the 
following form and send it to us! 


Old Address- 



. Phone_ 

New Address- 



State . 



Date of Move . 

The other printer options selected are 
normally imbedded in the file, and 
you cannot see them on the screen, 
but they can be zoomed in, making 
them visible, by pressing OPEIN- 
APPLE Z. Press these keys again, 
and the options will disappear. I pre- 
fer to leave these commands display- 
ed. It lets me know exactlv what I'm 
doing at all times, and helps prevent 
/// E-Z Pieces from becoming a "What 
You Don't See Is What You Get" 

Using OPEN- APPLE commands and 
the options menu is so easy that even 
some experienced users might not 
know (or have forgotten) that the pro- 
gram also accepts a limited number of 
control commands. Two of these 
commands allow inputting a Drinter 
option without pressing OPEN- 
APPLE O and displaying the options 
menu. CONTROL L is for marking 

Depending on your 
computer^ memory, 
documents can be up 
to 3584 lines long. 

off words to be underlined and CON- 
TROL B does the same thing for bold 
facing. For documents that require a 
great deal of underUning or bold fac- 
mg, these control commands can save 
a lot of time. There is also CON- 
TROL Y, which deletes everything on 
one line to the right of the cursor. 
This is particularly useful when clear- 
ing out an entry in the "find", "re- 
place", or "change file name" func- 

This program also allows you to 
create fairly large documents. Depend- 
ing on your computer's memory, 
documents can be up to 3584 lines 
long. That's about o6 single-spaced 
pages of text. 

Moving through even the largest file 
is quick and painless, thanks to the 
///s built-in two speed arrow keys, 
and the variety of cursor commands 
that /// E-Z Pieces employs. By press- 
move the cursor up a full screen 
(about 20 lines of text), while OPEN- 
down a fiiU screen. OPEN-APPLE 
RIGHT ARROW moves to the next 
word in the document while OPEN- 
APPLE LEFT ARROW moves to the 

Erevious word. Move throu^ the file 
y pressing OPEN-APPLE and a 
number. This is is possible because /// 
E-Z Pieces automatically divides a file 
into eight equal sections. OPEN- 
APPLE 1 will bring you to the begin- 
ning of the file, OPEN-APPLE 2 
through 8 to various points in the file, 
and OPEN- APPLE 9 to the end. 

To print a file press OPEN- APPLE P. 
The program wiU begin printing from 
any place designated. The program 
asks where it should print the file, list- 
ing the printers that you have design- 
ated (and have installed printer drivers 
for on the boot disk). You can also 
print to a text (ASCII) file on a disk. 
It then asks how many copies you 
want and prints the file. There is no 
printer spooler in this program. A 
user must wait until it is finished print- 
ing before doing anything else. 

When quitting the program (by choos- 
ing option #5) from me main menu, 
the program will make sure that you 
have saved all changes made to your 
desktop files. If you haven't, it will 
display each file and ask if you want 
to save or throw out the changes. 

What features does this program lack? 
As I mentioned, /// E-Z Pieces does 
not have automatic mail merge or a 
print spooler. This program does not 
support multiple columns, different 
fonts, or glossaries (macros). There 
is no built-in communications soft- 
ware, and no built-in spelling check- 
er. However, these options are avail- 
able by running some of ON 
THREES Desktop Manager modules 
in the background. 

Use the Desktop Manager's Macro 
Manager module for macros. ON 
THREE may be releasing a spelling 
checker for /// E-Z Pieces. Hard disk 
users who have Catalyst already have 
a spooler. And as I mentioned before, 
all the II accessories for AppleWorks 
will woik perfectly with your files. 

Thus, while /// E-Z Pieces lacks some 
advanced features available on stand- 
alone word processing programs like 
Word Juggler or Apple Writer /// with 
WPL, it manages to pack a wide vari- 
ety of featjres into an easy to use for- 
mat that is perfect for the beginning or 
advanced Apple /// user. It has all the 
features needed for 95 percent of all 
word processing tasks, and it builds 
them into one module of a powerful, 
integrated, three-piece program. 



October, 1987 


TCM, XModem Matchup 

by Edward N. Gooding, Sr 

Comparing features 

Last month, we just got started into 
the review of the two most powerful 
///communications programs the Com- 
munications Manager (TCM) and 
Xmodem /// (X3). This month, let's 
continue by comparing the programs' 
functions. Remember, information 
about TCM will appear in italics and 
X3 information win oe in bold. 

ASCn Terminal mode - This al- 
lows your /// to access other micro or 
mainframe computers. For instance a 
user can dial CompuServe, or my ///s 
Company bbs, or the Dow Jones In- 
vestment service. When in this mode, 
you are basically presented with a 
blank screen, and whatever is typed 
in will be transmitted to the computer 
you are connected to. Whatever is ty- 

Eed in on the other end of the line will 
e displayed on your screen. 

When using this mode, make sure 
both your computer and the computer 
at the other end of the phone line are 
talking the same language, known as 
protocol in telecommunications lingo. 
Both users need to be sending data at 
the same baud rate, sending the same 
number of bits per character, and 
using the same parity, and duplex. If 

these attributes are not in sync, gar- 
bage will show up on your screen or 
you may see nothing at all. If the du- 
plex is out of sync, you may even see 
double! Fortunately, both TCM and 
X3 allow a user to dynamically 
change these attributes to modify set- 
tings at any time - even in the middle 
of a connection. When dialing to a 
bbs, and you are obviously not seeing 
what you expected, just invoke the ter- 
minal settings menu from either pro- 
gram and make adjustments until you 
get the desired effect. 

The Terminal Settings menu for TCM 
looks like the display in Figure 5. 
Like Access III, it is invoked with the 
Open ApplelS key sequence. Use the 
upldown arrows to select options to 
change, and the rightlleft arrow keys 
to select the setting for that option. To 
permanently save terminal settings so 
they will always be set a certain way 
when booting TCM, use the option 
on the menu for that. Of course, these 
default settings can be dynamically 
changed once the program has been 

The terminal settings menu in 
X3 is invoked by pressing the 

Figure 5 
The Communications Manager's Terminal Settings Menu 

Terminal Settings 

-> Terminal Emulation Type : 

ASCn VT52 

Duplex : 

FuU Half 

Send Line Feed After Carriage Return : 

Yes .No 

Use XON/XOFF Protocol : 

Yes No 

Automatic Wraparound : 

Yes No 

Bits Per Character : 

<7> <8> 

Speed : 110 300 1200 2400 

4800 9600 

Parity : None Odd Even Mark 


Tab Stops 

ESCAPE To Exit Menu 

Save Current Settings 

RETURN To Accept 

Resume Terminal Operations 

ARROWS To Select Item 

Quit The Communications Manager 

*? For Help 

Open Apple/T key sequence 
(Figure 6). 

As you can see, X3's options are not 
quite as extensive as TCM's. A per- 
son can't use the /// as a Digital Equip- 
ment Corp. VT52 terminal, select/de- 
select XON/XOFF Ascii protocol, 
elect to utilize wraparound (how the 
terminal program handles a data line 
longer than 80 characters), or set tab 
Stops. It does have the basics for ad- 
justing your protocol to another com- 
puter's, however. 

Figure 6 

Xmodem /// Terminal Settings Menu 

Terminal Settings 


Format Duplex 

110 baud 

7 bits, odd parity Full 

134.5 baud 

7 bits, even parity Half 

300 baud 

7 bits, MARK parity 

600 baud 

7 bits, SPACE parity 

1200 baud 

8 bits, no parity Add 

1800 baud 

6 bits, odd parity Linefeed 

2400 baud 

6 bits, even parity 

4800 baud 

6 bits, MARK parity NO 

9600 baud 

6 bits, SPACE parity YES 

When in Ascii terminal mode, you 
will be presented with an almost com- 
pletely blank screen to type in data to 
send to the computer on the other end 
of the hne. Both TCM and X3 use a 
line at the screen's top. TCM uses 
one line to display status and help in- 
formation such as whether Ascii Re- 
cording Mode is ON or OFF, whether 
the Recording Filter is ON or OFF, 
and directions to invoke the File Tran- 
sfer Menu, Terminal Settings Menu 
and Help Menu. Refer to Figure 10 
for an example of the TCM 
Status/Help Line. TCM users can opt 
to remove the display from the screen 
by pressing Open Apple/Z, which 
works like a toggle switch for this 

X3 uses the top line of the 

ON THREE October, 1987 

screen as a Help screen. All command key sequences for X3's 
available functions are displayed on this line, including the key se- 
quence to invoke the online help screen. Refer to Figure 11 for an 
example of this Help Line. 

Figure 10 

The Communications Manager Status/Help Line 

Recording: OFF Filter: ON *S: Terminal Settings, *F: File Setup, *?: Help 

Figure 11 

Xmodem /// Help Line 

XMODEM /// Terminal program -- *Q *R *W *A *E *Z *S *F *T *P *? for help 

File transfer/receive mode 

After using the /// in "dumb" temiinal 
mode for awhile, you will eventually 
want to send or receive an Ascii file to 
or from another computer. This fea- 
ture allows a user to prepare a file 
using a word processor or VisiCalc, 
or create a print file from /// E-Z 
Pieces or another data base program, 
and send it to another computer with- 
out typing each character in again, 
which is now it would be sent using 
Ascii terminal mode instead. 

Some of my CompuServe friends use 
this type of feature to save online con- 
nect charges. They will dial Compu- 
Serve and record all of their mail and 
public messages from their favorite 
forum. They will then hang up and 
use word processors to read all that 
they recorded. After preparing separ- 
ate replies to the man and messages, 
they will call CompuServe back and 
use the Ascii File Transfer function of 
their favorite terminal program to 
send their replies. This is much faster 
than keying their replies online, and 
in the case of CompuServe, can save 

a significant amount of money over a 
years time. 

Both TCM and X3 have a screen you 
invoke to set up file transfer options 
before receiving and sending files 
back and forth. Open Apple/F will in- 
voke this screen in both programs. 
TCM's File Setup screen is displayed 
in Figure 7. 

Use the Set Recording File Name and 
Set Transmitting File Name before 
recording or transmitting Ascii files. 
That way, you can dynamically turn 
recording or transmitting on and off 
as desired. 

Transmit Character Delay and Trans- 
mit Line Delay will not normally have 
to be used. However, if you call a 
mainframe computer or a busy online 
service like CompuServe during peak 
caller hours, you will note that the 
system you are connected to may 
seem slower than usual. Sometimes 
the system that you are connected to 
sends a prompt character before it will 
allow you to send each line of your 
file. One must compensate for this 

Figure 7 

The Communications Manager File Setup Menu 

File Setup 

Set Recording File Name 
Set Transmitting File Name 
Set Transmit Character Delay 
Set Transmit Line Delay 
Toggle FHter On/Off 
Change File Type 
Toggle Turbo On/Off 

ESCAPE to Exit 
RETURN to Accept 
ARROWS to Select 
*? For Help 

Current File Settings 

Record To FHe : [.profile/STARTUP ] 
Transmit File : [STARTUP ] 

Filter Is : ON 

Recording Is : OFF 

Transmitting Character Delay : 005 
Transmitting Line Delay : 010 

Turbo Downloading: 


slowness, or the lines of data sent 
will be ignored. This is where the 
Character Delay, and particularly the 
Line Delay can be used. If I notice 
that CompuServe's prompts are slow- 
er on a particular day, and I want to 
upload an Ascii file, I will set the Line 
Delay at maybe 50, or even 100. This 
will make tCM wait longer before 
transmitting the next line of data, and 
ensure that all transmitted data is 
received properly. 

Use the Toggle Filter ON/ OFF feature 
to screen the characters that are being 
received by your modem. If certain 
control characters are allowed through 
to your III, they can cause havoc on 
your monitor. If you are recording 
incoming data to your printer, certain 
control characters will cause the print- 
er to change printing pitch, or tab, or 
skip to the top of me next page, or 
other undesirable effects. The filter 
function of TCM will prevent this 
from hapvening if a user chooses to 
toggle it ON. 

The Change File Type function is an 
added bonus within TCM. If you use 
the Xmodem protocol to send and 
receive binary files, note that 
Xmodem will not send the actual SOS 
file type along with the file's data. 
Your III will receive the file as a bin- 
ary data file. If the file is a Business 
Basic program and you try to RUN it 
after receiving it, a 'File Type Mis- 
match" error message will be issued 
from the Business basic iinterpreter 
TCM has included a utility function 
for users to change the file type after 
receiving the file, and before starting 
up Business Basic. A Basic program 
can be run immediately upon entering 
the Business Basic system. 

The Toggle Turbo ONIOFF option is 
an enhancement to TCM, added in ver- 
sion 1.2. By using it, the user can de- 
crease the amount of time spent up- 
loading and downloading by as much 
as 50 percent! Turbo mode is used 
with either Xmodem or Binary II pro- 
tocols. Use it when you are confident 
that the connection between your III 
and the computer is noise-free. It dis- 
connects the automatic retransmission 
of bad blocks of data. If Turbo mode 
is selected and TCM detects a trans- 
mission error, it simply aborts the 
transmission, instead ofresending the 
bad block. This is why it should only 
be used when the phone line seems to 
be "clean." This disconnection really 
speeds up what is already a fast im- 
plementation of Xmodem and Binary 
II, however. 


October, 1987 


X3's File Transfer Setup menu 
is displayed in Figure 8. It is 
similar to TCM's, but several 
of its options bear mentioning. 

Figure 8 

Xmodem ///s File Transfer Settings Menu 

The Prefix selection will dis- 
play the default pathname when 
X3 is started and may be chang- 
ed to any legal SOS pathname. 

The After a Line is Sent option 
will direct X3 to either wait a 
specific amount of time, or 
wait for the other computer to 
send a specific prompjt char- 
acter before transmitting the 
next line of data. Along with 
this option, set one of the two 
options below it. If you elect 
to have X3 wait for a prompt 
character, use the next option 
below to specify what prompt 
character to wait for. If j^ou 
elect to have X3 wait a specific 
amount of time before sending 
each line, use the bottom op- 
tion to specify the amount of 
time to wait. 

The Xmodem Error Checking 
selection allows a user to speci- 
fy which error detection proto- 
col is desired. This woula nor- 
mally be set for CRC. If you 
are using CRC, and the com- 
puter you are connected to 
starts usins Checksum, X3 will 
automaticalTjj switch, but it 
will not switch from Checksum 
to CRC automatically. 

The user can also select when 

File Transfer Settings 



After a line is sent 

Xmodem Error Checking 

Use pathnames in 

Use Delay 

Use Checksum 

Binary 11 

Use Prompt 

Use CRC 

Upload only 

Prompt Char 


Download only 





Delay Value 


Xmodem Timeout 

allows one to specify the ap- 
proximate number of seconds 
that X3 will wait before it ter- 
minates the file transfer func- 
tion and returns the user to the 
Ascii terminal mode screen. 
Normally, a user would not 
change this option. 

The Use Path in Binary n op- 
tion allows the user to control 
how much of a pathname is pre- 
fixed to a received or transmit- 
ted file using the Binary II pro- 
tocol. Generally, use this fea- 
ture when transmitting files to 
a similarly configured system 
as yours. 

A direct comparison of these two File 
Transfer Setup functions between 
TCM and X3 shows that TCM offers 

Figure 9 

Xmodem /// Ascii File Transfer Window 

Transmit Ascii 


to use Binary n protocol from 
the File Transfer Settings 
menu. When connected to 
another Apple computer it is 
generally advantageous to use 
Binary 11, as the file name, file 
tvpe, and physical end-of-file 
data are sent with the file's 
data. This ensures that the file 
will be ready to use immediate- 
ly after it is transmitted. When 
connected to non-Apple com- 
puters, do not select Binary II 

The Xmodem Timeout option 

more functionality. The ability to set 
default recording and transmitting file 
names, to utilize the turbo Xmodem/ 
Binary II feature, and the built-in 
SOS file type changer add much more 
convenience to TCM. Also, the turbo 
transfer feature can result in lower 
connect charges with some online ser- 
vices, which could ultimately make 
TCM pay for itself 

Now that I have discussed how to set 
up TCM and X3 for file transfers, 
let's discuss how to actually start 
sending our prepared files. 

With TCM, the name of the file to 
transmit has been established via the 
Open Apple/F menu discussed above, 
you simply press Open Apple/T to 
start transmitting the file. Use the 
Ascii terminal mode to dial into the 
other computer, type in any log-on 
information such as a password, and 
then transmit the prepared file when 

With X3, press the Open 
Apple/E key sequence to trans- 
mit. When invoKing this func- 
tion, you will be presented 
with a window (Figure 9). Af- 
ter entering the pathname of the 
file to transmit, press Return. 

Now, let's learn how to capture, or re- 
cord information sent from the com- 
puter on the other end of the phone 
line. The information can be recorded 
to your printer, or to a file on one of 
your disK drives. I personally hardly 
ever record to my printer. I prefer to 
capture the data to disk, where I can 
later review it with my word pro- 
cessor, edit out the parts that I'm not 
interested in, print it with the for- 
matting of my choice, and keep the 
file around for later use. 

If you have already specified the path- 
name of a recording file via the Open 
Apple/F menu in TCM, toggle the 
recording mode on and off as you 
wish by pressing Open AppleIR (for 
record). This allows you to bypass 
capturing information that you are not 
interested in. The TCM Status Line 
will keep you informed about whether 
the Recording mode is ON or OFF. 
To change to another file to store 
recorded data, invoke the Open 

ON THREE October, 1987 


Applet F menu. 

In XS, use the Open Apple/A 
command sequence to cause X3 
to display the window in Fig- 
ure 12. Then enter the path- 
name of the file to be used to 
capture data. X3 also allows 
one to toggle the capture mode 
ON and OFF by pressing Open 
Apple/Z. X3 does not mdicate 
whether the capture mode is 
ON or OFF, so you must keep 
track of this. X3 offers a 
screen dump feature with both 

as you will not have to enter each file 
name after each file has been trans- 
mitted. With long distance transmit- 
ting, this will definitely save money 
over time, and help pay for TCM, 

See Figure 13 for a sample of the 
Binary II screen, where I have 
queued up several files from my 
AppleWriter boot disk to transfer to a 
friend, who is still using version 2.0 
and wants to try out my version 4.1 
"Super" AppleWriter. I had my friend 
receive these files directly to a floppy 
in .Dl, so that when he hung up, he 

Figure 12 

Xmodem /// Ascii Capture Window 

Ascii Capture 


the Open Apple/A and Z com- 
mand sequences. When holding 
down the Shift key while in- 
voking these, the contents of 
the screen will automatically be 
captured and recorded to the 
capture file specified. This al- 
lows one to first view a screen 
full of data, make a decision 
about whether it is needed or 
not, and then capture it after 
the fact, instead of having to 
toggle capture mode ON and 
the other computer resend the 
last screen of data. 

Xmodem and Binary II file 
transfer mode - To transmit a file 
with the Xmodem/Binary II protocol 
from TCM, press Open ApptelU (for 
Upload). A menu will appear and ask 
you to select either the Xmodem or 
Binary II protocol When selecting 
Xmodem transfer, a window will 
prompt you for the file pathname for 
the transmission. After entering the 
pathname, press Return and TCM 
will begin transmitting the file. When 
the file has been successfully trans- 
mitted, you will be notified via a win- 
dow on your screen, and after press- 
ing Return, you'll be in Ascii terminal 

After selecting Binary II transfer 
protocol, a different screen will be 
shown to allow you to queue up to 16 
different SOS or ProDOS files. You 
can transmit all 16 files, one after the 
other, without any further inter- 
vention after initiating the first file 
transfer. This is a truly fantastic 
feature! It is not only a great conven- 
ience, but also a cost-saving feature. 

could exit TCM and press 
CONTROL/RESET, and his updated 
version of AppleWriter would immed- 
iately boot and let him start using it. 

Here are several other practical uses 

Figure 13 

The Communications Manager 
Binary II Upload Screen 

Files To Transfer 

1) SOS.IN'1'HRP 














Type in the pathname of the file to 


* RETURN To Start Transmitting. 
Up/Down ARROWS To View. 
RETURN To Accept, ESCAPE To Exit. 

for Binary II transfers. These are 
taken from my actual experiences 
with this program: 

- I constmcted two different SOS. 
DRIVER files for a ///er in Texas. He 
needed one for his home ///, and one 
for his office ///, since he had a 
different type of printer at work. He 
telecommunicated one evening and I 
transmitted both files to him so he 
could be up and miming by the follow- 
ing Monday morning. If I had mailed 
him a diskette, he would not have re- 
ceived it until the end of his business 

- As a Beta tester for both ON 
THREE (OT) and Pair Software (PS) 
I am constantly receiving programs to 
test. I live in Virginia, and of course 
both OT and PS are in California. It 
takes at least five days to receive a pro- 

fram upgrade for testing via U.S. 
lail. Now, either one can call me up, 
transmit an update, and I can resume 
testing immediately. This helps the de- 
velopers get their products to market 
faster and helps me maintain my mo- 
mentum when testing a particular pro- 
gram, rather than having to restart on 
It every five to seven days. When 
testing Desktop Manager modules, I 
have the programmers transmit di- 
rectly into my .PROFILE/DESKTOP 
subdirectory, where I can use the new 
module immediately after hanging up. 

Recently, a friend of mine in Montana 
purchased Draw ON /// and The 
Graphics Manager from OT. He 
knows that I have a large library of 
both foto files and font files, and I 
agreed to share them with him. When 
he called me, I queued up group after 
group, and within a half hour he had a 
nice library of graphics files and fonts 
to start playing wim. 

Several weeks ago, a friend in New 
York called and frantically told me 
that Backup /// was refusing to read 
some backup disks that he needed to 
restoreto his Corvus hard disk. He 
said that if he could not retrieve the 
data from the backup disks, he would 
have to re-enter his entire Accounts 
Receivable System. He needed the 
data restored by the next morning, 
Monday. I could not help him, but 
referred him to my friend Dan Martin 
in New Hampshire, who had recently 
written a Pascal program that he called 
the Brain Surgeon, which was to be 
used to extract data from contrary 
Backup /// diskettes. Tom called Dan, 
and Dan was able to transmit the 
Pascal codefile so that Tom could use 
it immediately. If Dan had to mail the 
program, Tom would have received it 


October, 1987 


Tuesday or Wednesday. By the way, 
Tom uses Xmodem /// and Dan uses 
The Communications Manager. You 
can see from this incident that the two 
programs can talk to each other, so 
you will be able to transmit files to 
other ///ers, no matter which 
programs they own. 

As you can see, an Xmodem/Binary 
II transfer program cannot only be an 
item of convenience, it can also be a 
business saver in times of need. Not 
even Apple Computer, Inc. could 
supply this kind of support, but your 
fellow ///ers can if you have a 
modem and either TCM or X3. 
As you are transmitting your file(s), 

To transmit an Xmodem or 
Binary II file in XS, press 
Open Apple/W. A pathname 
window hke that in Figure 14 
will appear. Simply enter the 

Bathname of any SOS or Pro- 
>0S file that you wish to trans- 
mit. The file will be sent in 
either Xmodem or Binary II 
protocol, depending on which 
you specified on the Open 
Apple/F - File Transfer Set- 
tines menu. Unlike TCM, X3 
will only transmit one Binary 
II file at a time. To send more 
than one file at a time will re- 

Siuire user intervention for each 

Figure 13.a 

The Communications Mgr. 
Transmission Status Window 

Transmitting Binary 11 

Transmitting Block 00014 Out Of 00391 
Now Transmitting File # : 001 Blocks Left : 00378 

Error Checking : CRC Total Errors : 001 

Press ESCAPE To Abort Transmission 

TCM informs you of what is hap- 
pening via a window that counts 
down blocks and files as you go. If 
the transmission aborts, or finishes 
successfully, you are also notified via 
another window. See Fi^re 13. a for 
an example of the Transmission 
Status Window. 

Xmodem and Binary n file 
receive mode - To receive an 
Xmodem or Binary II file with TCM, 
key Open Apple/D (Download). A 
window will appear on your screen 
similar to the display in Figure 15. 
Always type a complete pathname. 

Figure 14 

Xmodem /// Xmodem/Binary II 
Transmit Window 

Transmit Xmodem 


Figure 15 

The Communications Manager - 
Xmodemy^inary II Download Window 

Extended Download Menu 

Enter the file pathname to download to. If you are going to download in Binary II 
format, you must still specify a file pathname. This file will be deleted but the 
pathname will be used to store the Binary 11 files. 


Press RETURN To Accept Or ESCAPE To Exit. 


including file name. This is because 
TCM will automatically sense 
whether the incoming file is either 
Xmodem or Binary II and set itself up 
properly to receive it. It won't realty 
need the file name for Binary II, but it 
will take care of it by deleting the file 
specified, and creating a new file by 
using the header information sent 
with the Binary II data. 

Extended Download Menu 

Enter the file pathname to download 
to. If you are going to download in 
Binary II format, you must still 
specify a file pathname. This file will 
be deleted but the pathname will be 
used to store the Binary II files. 

As in the file transmission function, 
TCM displays a window during re- 
ceives that keeps you informed of the 
progress and status of your down- 
loaa(s). See Figure l3.a for an 
example of such a screen. 

To receive an Xmodem or Bi- 
nary II file in X3, key Open 
Apple/R (Receive). X3 will dis- 
play a pathname prompt win- 
dow (Figure 16) to specify 
where you want the incoming 
file to be stored. If the file is 
to be stored in the default sub- 
directory as specified in the 
File Transfer Settings screen, 
just enter a file name, other- 
wise enter a full pathname. 

As you can see from Figures 15 and 
16, I have set up a subdirectory on 
my hard disk called /DOWNLOADS. 
I would recommend that you also do 
this to receive files during down- 
loads. Receiving files into other sub- 
directories, like I talked about when 
receiving Desktop Manager modules, 
can be dangerous during Binary II 
downloads if you are not absolutely 
sure of what you are receiving and 
what is already in the subdirectory 
you are receiving the file(s) into. 
Remember: Binary II transfers in- 
clude the file name, and if you have a 
file existing in the subdirectory where 
you receive your download with the 
same name as the file being trans- 
mitted, then the existing file will be 
written over. If the transmitted file is 
not a replacement for the existing file, 
then the existing file is gone. For this 
reason, it is a good idea to create a 
subdirectory just to receive down- 
loaded files. Use System Utihties or 
Disk Manager to copy the down- 
loaded files to other subdirectories 
after hanging up. 

ON THREE October, 1987 


The bottom line 

Both TCM and X3 worked weU for 
me during my testing and use. Neith- 
er program aborted on me, and both 
functioned as they were intended to at 
all times. The imtial release of TCM 
would not transmit files larger than 
64K using the Xmodem or Binary II 
protocols, but this was corrected with 
version 1.2. 

If I had to recommend one program 
over the other, I would have to give 
the nod to The Communications 

customer support. TCM and X3 are 
in the same price range but TCM 
offers more features, so it certainly is 
a better value. TCM also has two pro- 
gram versions for the same price, it 
can be a stand-alone interpreter and a 
Desktop Manager module. TCM was 
programmed by Tim Harrington, a 
full time employee of ON THREE. 
This means you can call OT and talk 
to the programmer if you have pro- 
blems or questions. The company 
also employs at least two other full 
time personnel who can offer support 
and answer questions. 

Figure 15.a 

The Communications Mgr. Download 
Status Window 

Receiving Binary 11 

Receiving Block 00013 Out Of 00391 


Now Receiving File # : 001 

Blocks Received : 00013 

Error Checking : CRC 

Errors This Block : 000 

Timeout Counter : 000 

Total Errors : 000 

Press ESCAPE To Abort Transmission 

Manager. It has more functionality 
than Xmodem ///, in that it has the 
Turbo Xmodemy^inary II option,the 
SOS File Type Changer utility, and 
the Extended Binary II option that 
allows one to queue up many files to 
be transmitted without user inter- 
vention. Two of these features ac- 
tually save in long distance connect 
charges, and thus make TCM more 

Xmodem /// was programmed 
by Gary Kato, who only uses 
Pair Software to market his 
work. If you want support, call 
Frank Moore at PS. ne is a 
very busy guy as he markets 
other software from other con- 
tract programmers, maintains a 
Public Domain library for 
///'ers, sells microcomputer 

Figure 16 

Xmodem /// Xmodem/Binary II Receive Window 

Receive Xmodem 

cost beneficial than X3. 

TCM is also more user friendly than 
X3, given the fact that it uses more 
windows to keep the user informed of 
what is going on during file transfers 
and it displays windows to assure the 
user that file transfers have success- 
fully terminated. Two other important 
factors to consider are the price and 

hardware and copier machines, 
publishes an Apple /// period- 
ical and a bi-monthly news- 
letter for Apple /// and // Forth 
users, and runs a debt collect- 
ion agency. To say Frank is 
overcommitted is an understate- 
ment, and something that the 
potential buyer should consid- 
er, especially if the potential 

buyer is a novice at telecom- 
puting and expects to have easy 
access to support personnel. 

The Bottom Line: purchase The 
Communications Manager by ON 


I'm sure that all of you are sadly 
aware of the ever declining support 
for the mighty Apple ///. The number 
of companies actively supporting the 
/// can be counted on one hand these 
days. If you want to keep your /// for 
the next 2-5 years, then there is no 
question that you'll need to turn to 
user groups like TAU in Chicago, 
WAP in Washington, D.C., and 
ATUNC in Northern California for 
help. You can also take advantage of 
the support offered by the /// Special 
Interest Group (SIG) on CompuServe 
or my ///-dedicated bbs, (804-747- 
8752) via modem. The third source of 
help is from other ///ers Uke myself, 
who you can call and ask questions, 
or have send files and programs to 
you. This is where the importance of 
having an Xmodem/Binary II pro- 
gram enters the picture. The days are 
over when you run to an Apple dealer 
to configure the SOS.DRIVER file 
for you. Most of today's Apple 
dealers have never even heard of the 
Apple /// (aren't you tired of those 
blank looks that you get from dealer 
personnel?) Well, if you have either 
of these two programs, just call some- 
one hke myself to configure a driver 
file and send it to you via modem. Or, 
if you would like to have the most 
current version of AppleWriter or 
System Utilities, you can acquire 
them with your modem and TCM or 
X3. Telecommunications is the only 
way you will be able to get fast, re- 
sponsive support for your /// in the 
future, and TCM and X3 wiU not 
only replace your Apple dealer, but 
will enable you to get support during 
times that even the best dealer could 
never support you. Just ask the guy 
who frantically called me on Sunday 

In conclusion, I cannot over- 
emphasize the importance of acquir- 
ing a modem and either The Commun- 
ications Manager or Xmodem /// if 
you intend to nde your /// all the way 
into the sunset. 


October, 1987 


QN THREE prgsgffts... 

Uncopyprotect Driver 


ON THREE has not changed its position re- 
garding duplicating copyrighted programs 
for profit or to give away, but since many 
Apple /// software products are no longer 
supported, owners of AppleWriter ///, Visi- 
Calc, and Advanced VisiCalc are facing a 
problem of what to do when a diskette 
"crashes." After much consideration ON 
THREE decided to proceed with a product 
to solve that problem. The Uncopyprotect 
Driver will allow a person to make back up 
floppies of the above programs. For the first 
time, a user can put the master disk in a safe 
place and boot on the duplicate. 
Economically priced at $29.95 plus $2 
s/h, the Uncopyprotect Driver comes 
with full documentation and will work with 
Selector /// so you will no longer require a 
"key" diskette. The Driver is sold for legiti- 
mate Archival purposes only. ON THREE 
does not condone and will not condone du- 
plicating a disk for any other purpose. 


Sales & Service 

Authorized Apple Service Center In Business Since 1973 

III Software in Stock 
Custom Software Applications 

In House Apple III Network System 

implements Spacecoast Hardware Network 

& Great Plains Accounting 

Exclusive Distributor For: 
Infotory-Inventory management for Apple 111 

PKASO/a Printer Cards in Stock 

We also Service: 
Epson, Panasonic, Zenith 



11240 Nine Mile Rd., Warren, MI 48089 - Hours: 8:30-5:30 EST M-F 
(313) 757-8192 

ON THJl£Z presents.. 

Incredible buy - less than $50! 

The Communications l\/lanager 

The Communications l\/lanager is a powerful tool that allows your Apple /// to communicate or talk to other 
computers or services such as CompuServe™. If you are familiar with other telecommunication programs such as 
Access /// or Terminus, you should be pleasantly surprised. VT-52 terminal emulation makes the program as powerful 
as any other Apple /// communications package. You can record incoming text to a printer or disk file for later viewing 
and transmit standard ASCII and Pascal Textfiles automatically. The Communications IVIanager has almost every 
feature of those popular programs plus an important extra. 

This extra is error free transmission of files via the popular XlVlodem and Binary II file transfer protocols. This means 
that you will be able to transfer programs and data - all types of files - between your Apple /// and virtually any other 
computer system. 

The Communications Manager has all of the easy to use features of other ON THREE products, and it's the 
most powerful communications package available for your Apple ///. It's the only communications package available 
today for your Apple /// that completely supports the powerful Xmodem and Binary II protocols. Included with this 
package is a version of The Communications Manager which runs as a stand-alone program and a version that 
can be installed as an accessory under The Desktop Manager. 

If you have The Desktop Manager, you get the best of both worlds. You can be inside /// E-Z Pieces or VisiCalc and 
send a spreadsheet or data base file directly! The hundreds of Apple // AppleWorks templates available on bulletin 
board systems like CompuServe and others can now be yours! Thousands of pictures and other graphics images on 
CompuServe and other systems can be downloaded to your Apple /// with ease - with The Communications 
Manager. All this for o/7/y $49.95 plus $3 shipping and handling. Order your copy today! 

We're giving you TEN! ON THREE subscribers 
have always been at the top of our list. Now, to say 
thank you for the continued support, we're giving 
you $10 off any software purchase over $40- 

Just fill out the order blank, slap your 
mailing label on the back of the $10 bill 
and mail along with your check, money 
order, or credit card number to ON 
THREE. The $10 bill works the same as 
cash and is only for subscribers!* 

*Offer not good with sale items. 



Cost Ea. 




California residents only Sub Total 

add 6% sales tax. 

Grand Total 



Price S/H 


Price S/H 


Apple File /// $99.00 

Apple /// Fortran (req. Pascal) $99.00 



Apple /// Pascal 

Backup ///, users guide 

and disk***# $50.00 

BPI General Accounting $99.00 

BPI Accounts Payable $99.00 

Business Basic*** $99.00 

Card machine 

(Black Jack game) $24.95 $2.00 

Fruit machine 

(Slot machine game) $19.95 $2.00 

Card machine/ 

Fruit machine combo $39.95 $3.00 

Crossword Scrambler $9.95 $3.00 

Desktop Manager $129.00 $6.00 

Communications Manager** $49.95 $3.00 

Desktop Manager/ON 

THREE O'clock combination $163.95 $8.00 

Disk Manager* (utilities) $44.95 $3.00 

Graphics Mgr . ///, //c, //e** $39.95 $3.00 

Macro Manager* $44.95 $3.00 

ASCII Conversion Table* $9.95 $3.00 

Desktop Accessories No. 1* $39.95 $2.00 

Desktop Accessories No. 2* $24.95 $3.00 

Desktop Tool Kit $19.95 $2.00 

Disk of the Month (D.O.M.) $14.95 $2.00 

Two or more D.O.M.'s $12.50 ea$4.00 

Draw On/// $179.00 $5.00 

Draw On /// Graphics 

Tablet Version $229.00 

Lazarus /// file recovery util. $49.95 

Mail List Manager*** $99.00 

Quick File /// $50.00 

RAM Diagnostic Disk*** 

Specify 128K,256K or 51 2K $15.00 

Sandman** (Arcade game) $ 1 9.95 

Selector /// program 

switching utility $99.00 

///E-Z Pieces $135.00 

Unidisk ///.5 disk and 

documentation only $50.00 

Unprotect Driver $29.95 

Apple /// Unidisk ///.5 (800K 31/2" 
disk drive w/interface, driver & 

documentation) $499.00 
Apple //e Mouse and Interface 
card (Use with Draw ON and 

Desktop Manager) $160.00 

Interlace Kits*** $75.00 







MicroSd A3 140K Disk Drive# $225.00 $6.50 
MicroSci A1 43 560K Drive# $325.00 $6.50 
ON THREE O'clock $49.95 $3.00 

Reconditioned 51 2K Apple /// 
w/monitor /// $1 148.00 $50.00 

Titan /// Plus //e $299.00 $7.00 

256K Apple /// w/ monitor $749.00 $50.00 

256K Memory Upgrade, 

128to256K $150.00 $10.00 

51 2K Memory Upgrade, 

(Remit $324 and $25 credit 
when old board is retd.) $324.00 

65C802 Chip $90.00 

Other services and products 
Device Driver Writers Guide $1 9.00 
Draw ON /// Printer Update $1 5.00 
Dust Cover for Apple /// $11 .95 

Dust Cover as above + profile $1 2.95 
Grafix Manager Update $1 5.00 

I ^ My Apple ///T-Shirts 
sm., med. , Ig., x-lg. 
yellow, blue, white, silver $1 1 .95 
I ^ My Apple /// Sweatshirts 
sm., med., Ig., x-lg. 
yellow, blue, white, silver $18.95 
I ^ My Apple ///Caps $5.95 

ON THREE back issues $5.00 ea 

ON THREE Magazine Binders $9.95 






ON THREE subscription $40.00 per yea. 

Resource Guide for the 

Apple /// computer*** $1 5.00 $3.00 

Service Referral Manual and 

Schematics for Apple ///*** $99.00 $5.00 

"Will Someone Please Tell Me 

What Apple /// Can Do?"*** $3.00 $2.00 

51 2K or 256 Upgrade Installation 

(by appointment only) $50.00 

* Background module for Desktop Manager 

**Runs as standalone or Desktop Manager module 

***Registered Trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. 

#Quantity Limited 

To order, call Toil-Free (800) 443-8877, in California 

(805) 644-3514 or write: 

ON THREE, inc. Order Dept., P.O. Box 

3825, Ventura, CA 93006. 

Visa, Mastercard, American Express accepted. 

3% Surcharge on American Express California 

Residents add 6% sales tax. Items returned 

subject to 15% restocking charge. All items 

retumed without prior authorization will be shipped 

back to the customer. No software returns. . 


by Richard and Lavona Rann 

Tech support from another angle 

Several happenings over the past few 
months have brought the topic of soft- 
ware support back into our conscious- 
ness. This has come up, not just in 
the context of support or the ///, we all 
know that there is only a precious few 
who do that, but in a larger context of 
what responsibility any software com- 
pany has to owners of its products. 
We have, or at least know of people 
who have, purchased software that 
will not do what we expected and 
needed it to do. Often when we ask 
for help from the company, our re- 
quests are ignored. The question we 
raise is: Just what responsibility does 
a software company have? Or, to be 
more specific, how much support do 
they owe the purchasers, and how 
long should they be responsible? Do 
they have a perpetual ana infinite com- 
mitment, or is mere some limitation? 

This is not an easy question, nor a 
clear cut one. One thing that makes 
the question difficult is whether one is 
asking about legal or ethical obli- 
gations, or just a reasonable level of 
expectation for purchasers. The legal 
question is probably the most simple 
to address, in spite of the number of 
lawyers handling cases concerning 
this topic. The legal answer is usually 
based on the long standing principle 
of "let the buyer beware". If this 
sounds too strong, just read the fine 
print on software that you have pur- 
chased lately. Generally, the products 
are not guaranteed to do anything at 
all. If there is not a specific written 
guarantee that a program will do a 
specific thing, or that a certain speci- 
fic number of technical support hours 
wiU be made available, you'll prob- 
ably have little, if any, legal claim 
except to buy disks that do something 
(Almost anything at all will meet the 
strictest legal interpretation). 

The ethical answer would teU us what 
to expect in a perfect world, but prac- 
tical answers are of more use to most 
of us. So, what should we expect 
and/or demand from software pub- 

The answer involves money. This is 
clearest when looking at the compon- 
ent of how long support should be 
supplied. How can a company which 
is no longer making money supply 
support? It cannot. An inflow of 
money is necessary for any business 
concern to flourish. We cannot, and 
do not, expect free support. Ideally, it 
is paid for in the same way the rest of 
the software package is, i.e., it is 
normally considered part of the retail 
price. Some companies have recogn- 
ized that their products will require a 
higher support level than they feel 
they can add into the price. One ap- 

E roach is to offer a few free support 
ours and publish prices for addi- 
tional support in terms of extended 
time periods or hourly rates. Simply 
stated, the expense or software sup- 
port wiU be bom by the purchasers, 
one way or another. 

Problems usually arise when a limited 

The legal answer 
is usually based 
on the long standing 
principle of "let the 
buyer beware." 

support arrangement is not indicated 
ana users don't get the support level 
they deem as appropriate. Emotions 
are easily aroused and cloud the real 
issues. Of course, buyers expect pro- 
ducts to work when buying. And, of 
course, we define work to be what- 
ever we want to do with the product. 
Expectations can be very high, and of- 
ten have little relationship to the price 
paid for the product. There have been 
people very unhappy with TAU even 
after TAU has spent many hours try- 
ing to help them understand and use a 
piece of public domain software from 
the libraiy. Their frustration in not be- 
ing able to do what they wanted was 
vented back to the provider of what 
they expected to be a solution. A for- 

profit business cannot afford to pro- 
vide days of free support, not even 
for a moderately priced product. Sup- 
port salaries have to be paid. 

Correct level of support 

It is not easy determine the quantity 
and quality of support a company 
should give. Support issues are es- 
pecially difficult for a startup com- 
pany, or a company serving a limited 
market (like the /// market). The prob- 
lem of defining the correct level of 
support would be simpler if the micro- 
computer software industry was old- 
er. As it is, there are few successful 
models which one can use as a pattern 
or guideline. Dave Winer of Living 
VideoText (LV) addressed the prob- 
lem recently. His company was found- 
ed with the concept that it should 
provide the support necessary to keep 
products runnmg. At first, this sup- 
port concept posed few problems. LV 
was small and had only one product, 
ThinkTank ///. Dave's product was ex- 
cellent and sold well, but the com- 
pany was stiU small enough that the 
few employees were unable to do sev- 
eral tasks in a single day. Providing 
support for customers was one way 
to get feedback directly from the mar- 
ketplace. As new versions of Think- 
Tank followed, David's company 
grew. Soon, he had to pay large bills 
for an 800 number ana long distance 
calls returned to users. The major ex- 
pense came when hiring people to run 
a support facility and answer letters. 
LV nas had several successful pro- 
ducts, but is losing money. 

The problem LV faced, is that the pro- 
duct s profit was not large enough to 
Eay for support. Other companies 
ave faltered with the same problem, 
and more will as time goes on. A sim- 
ple business letter costs most com- 
panies $10 or more to write and send. 
Salaries, phone bills, and office space 
can easily eat up the income from 
product sales, leaving nothing to pay 
for development costs, invest in fut- 
ure development, or make a profit. 

ON THREE October, 1987 




















Function of backslash key in /// E-Z Pieces. 
Eight bits 

- Escape. 
Plugs into Port B when using the Graphics Manager. 
Abbrev. for one of ON THRtEs proaucts. 
Erased when booting a disk. 
One of the Desktop Manager's calculator functions. 
A Hayes 

American Standard Code for Interchange. 

An RS- _^ interface. 

Type of^nve. 

Nfeeded when loading a document. 

Type of error. 

and Write. 

System Utilities will allow you to a file. 


Type of interface utilized in /// E-Z Pieces 

Type of interface card. 

This cannot be changed by software. 

Computer terminology. 

When booting Selector///, you will first be presented 

with a ^. 

Logic Board. 
Central Processing Unit. 

This is necessary to leam to understand Apple /// manuals, 

One of Business Basic's key words. 
51 2 bytes on a disk. 
Apple Computer's software company. 

Crossword Answers on page 30 

Graphics Manager $39.95 pius$3s/h 

if you've oeen holding out for a lower price on the Graphics Manager 
for the ///, here it is! Take advantage now. The complete graphics 

utility for the Apple /// interfaces to Draw ON ///tm and all graphic 
programs and allows printing enlarged or reduced portions of the 
graphics screen, normal or inverted, single or double density with four 
rotation values. 

For the first time you can load directly any DOS 3.3 or ProDos Hires or 
double Hires graphic files (including "Print Shop") and of course SOS 
fotofiles or other binary graphic images. 

Comes complete with full documentation and diskette containing 
standalone SOS interpreter and ON THREES Desktop Manager 
module. All popular printers, serial and parallel interfaces supported 
and limited color graphics capability is included. 

Still Dave feels as though he has an 
obligation to support ThinkTank ///. 
He does. In fact, one year ago they 
were still selling it at a level of 10 to 
15 copies a month. 

Dave's problems did not all stem 
from the /// product. The success of 
ThinkTank for the Mac and the latest 
offering More, have really plunged 
the company into a huge support busi- 
ness. Now LV is included in Apple's 
Mac Business Marketing Shows. LV 
representatives are asked to speak at 
user group meetings and business con- 
ferences. Dave deems it necessary to 
exhibit in expositions like Mac World. 
This is good for the company's poten- 
tial market, but it takes money and ad- 
ditional employees. Dave was forced 
to do something that no one wants to 
be forced to do - sell part of the busi- 
ness and raise prices just to stay in 

Support costs and lack of support 
have been part of the cause and effect 
of much difficulty in the past couple 
of years. Support costs are a primary 
reason many companies with reason- 
able or even good products have gone 
out of business. The software sales 
slump and increased competition 
caused prices to drop. Many com- 
panies did not recognize the impor- 
tance of charging enough to pay for 
future support costs. Others could not 
get buyers to pay higher prices. The 
result was that the costs the retail 
prices were set to cover were limited 
to initial development and documentat- 
ion costs, advertising, and some 
small factor for profits. Many, if not 
most, companies either did not budget 
for ongoing support, or grossly under- 
estimated the expenses that would in- 
cur. Bankrupt companies don't pro- 
vide support to users. 

There are also companies interested 
only in product sales and purposely 
do not provide support, e.g. Apple 
Computer. The company never e- 
volved the apparatus necessary to sup- 
port software they marketed. That 
was one issue that led Apple to spin 
off a separate company, Claris, to 
market wnat was once Apple labeled 
software. Claris does not have the 
same locked-in market that Apple had 
and will be forced to compete; one of 
the key areas of competition is 

Companies that won't provide any 
support for their products are real 
problems for users. The typical tactic 

is not to return telephone calls. What 
has become known in relations with 
the government as stonewalling. They 
are polite to callers, take down the 
name and phone number, but that is 
where it ends. They never return calls 
or answer letters. If they do, weeks 
have gone by. Any business that de- 

Eends these companies' products can 
e easily out of business long before 
a response. 


These companies also tend to exercise 
a form of highway robbery in the 
guise of product upgrades. When ser- 
ious bugs develop tney habitually sell 
a fix for $20 or more as an upgrade 
which does not add features, but only 
corrects problems that should not 
have existed with the original pro- 
duct. It is like buying a used car and 
coming back the week later to pay 
extra for the motor. This is the worst 
sort of non-support. If some useful 
features were added in addition to 
fixing bugs, one could be expected to 
pay for the enhancements, but to pay 
again for what you bought is not 

We, the consumers, are much to 
blame for the support situation. It is 
our responsibility to search out infor- 
mation about products and publishers 
before we purchase products. One of 
our Questions should be about sup- 
port. We should ask about fix support 
as well as help support. We snould 
not be euilty of shopping only for 
price. The product's price without 
support should never be compared on 
an equal footing with a well sup- 
ported product. 

The buyer must vote with his dollars 
in terms of which type and how much 
support is adequate. Does Aldus have 
the best solution? Buy their expensive 
PageMaker package and receive a min- 
imum amount of support time. (In 
their case five hours free then buy a 
service contract for anything over that 
amount. In all truth this is enough 
help for most people to get the pack- 
age up and functioning. The company 
is charging for consulting help to 
master the advanced techniques.) Is 
Dave Winer's solution better? Have 
everyone pay a little more up front for 
all the help you need. This question 
will never be fully answered, but 
answered in part in the marketplace. 
Consumers will chose to buy soft- 
ware from companies which provide 
the right amount of support, and in 

the long run we wiU see the winners. 
We feel that when a company sells a 
software package it has an ongoing 
commitment to the customer. The buy- 
er has a right to be informed about lim- 
itations ofthat commitment before pur- 
chasing the product. On the other 
hand, we recognize that the commit- 
ment cannot last forever and cannot 
be unlimited in scope. It should last at 

Support costs are a 
primary reason many 
companies with 
reasonable or even 
good products have 
gone out of business. 

least 12-18 months, or longer if a re- 
vised or upgraded product has not 
been released. If a product has a very 
low price, it should have a lower level 
of expected commitment as reason- 
able people cannot expect the price to 
cover salaries and other expenditures 
for more than minimal support. 

We applaud companies which support 
their products and go out of our way 
to purchase from them. In the Apple 
/// world, we have seen some oi the 
best and some of the worst. We are 
fortunate in having people like Al 
Bloom who provides support to his 
public domain software, and vendors 
like Great Plains, Living VideoText, 
and ON THREE. Great Plains has not 
sold an accounting package for the /// 
for more than three years now, but 
the company still support its /// 
product, in turn, GP keeps customer 
goodwill. Those people and others 
will turn to GF lor accounting 
packages for eventual replacement 

What software consumers and com- 
panies must recognize is that support 
IS an investment in the future. For 
companies, it is much the same as 
R&D. For consumers, it is critical to 
the ongoing usefulness of the pur- 
chased product. Software is not con- 
sumed as food; it is purchased for 
future use. If a software company ar- 
bitrarily curtails that future, then it is 
injuring its own credibility. Like other 
businesses, it is wrong to think only 
of results for this quarter. The long 
term success of a software publisher 
requires attention to the future and 
support is a major factor. 


ON THREE October, 1987 


ON THfL££ presents... 

Macro Manager 

Macro Manager 
Solid Apple Definitions 























? = Help 

Keypad Definitions 


Escape to Activate Macros and Exit. Macro Managerwritten by Rob Turner V1 .0 

Macro Manager allows you 
to define a single keypress 
as a series of keystrokes you 
can play back anytime. You 
can also record over 2,000 
keystrokes as you type and 
invoke them later by press- 
ing one key. One Macro- 
MapTM can hold 50 defined 
keys, called macros. 
With Macro Manager, you 
can create up to 200 dif- 
ferent MacroMaps, so you 
need never type repetitive 
information again. Let 
Macro Manager, a Desktop 
Manager module, do it for 
yout Order today for 
$44.95 plus $3 s/h. 

ON THJl££ presents... 

Disk Manager 


plus $3 s/h 

This Desktop Manager module features the most frequently used applications 
of Apple's System Utilities and makes them available to your from within any 
program. Copy, delete, rename, lock/ unlock and list all of the files on your 
disk without leaving the program you're using. Copy, format, rename and 
verify volume commands are available as well, so you will never again lose 
data because you exited a program to format a disk. 

Disk Manager 

File Commands 

List Directory 
Copy File 
Delete File 
Rename File 

Device Commands 

List All Devices 
Copy Volume 
Format Disk 
Rename Volume 
Verify Volume 

Use Arrow keys to SELECT, Press RETURN to RUN. 

*? = Help 

Programmers' Paradise 

by ON THREE developers 

Helpful hints for programmers 

Welcome to Programmers' Paradise, which may become a 
new monthly feature found exclusively in ON THREE mag- 
azine. This article is designed for those advanced ///ers 
who are either beginning to program or have been at it for 
awhile but just want a few tips now and then. Whether it 
be BASIC, Pascal or Assembly language, don't hesitate to 
jump in and enjoy. If you have any questions, be sure to 
write to ON THREE and watch for your answer in an up- 
coming issue. 

Quote of the month: 

Weinberg's law - If builders build buildings the way pro- 
grammers wrote programs, then the fii^t woodpecker that 
came along would destroy civilization. 

I do a lot of programming in BASIC and I love 
' it. I can make a change and immediately see how 
' that change looks. The only draw back of 
BASIC is that it doesn't have a very good editor. 
If you wanted to change the name of a variable, 
you would have to hunt through the entire pro- 
gram for any reference to that variable. There is 
no way to tell if you missed one until your pro- 
gram crashes. Is there any easier way to edit a 
BASIC program? 

You can edit a BASIC program with almost any 
word processor that can save the edited program 
as an ASCII file. Apple Writer is probably the 
best as it saves all files this way. When entering 
the program into your word processor make sure 
you follow the same rules as entering them in 
BASIC. When you are done editing the file, 
save it as you would any ASCII file. Then while 
at the BASIC prompt type... 

you must first list it to and ASCII file. To do this 


where filename is the name of the file you want 
the program to be listed to. Now you can load 
this file into your word processor and edit it. To 
get it back into BASIC, just follow the 
instmctions above. 

I'm starting to write some assembly language 
programs for my ///. Below is an example of how 
I define a write block. 

Write_Buffer .ASCII "This is a sample" 

Write Block 



;Parameter Count 

Write Reference 



;Reference Number For Write 


Write Buffer 

;Write Buffer Pointer 



; Write 15 Characters 


I'm tired of having to hand count how many char- 
' acters are in my write buffer. After all, isn't that 
' what computers are for? This example is pretty 
easy, but when you have to count over 100 char- 
acters it gets to be a little too much. My question 
is, is there any way to have my /// figure out how 
many characters to write? 

You're in luck. Here is your example reworked 
% to have the computer calculate how many char- 
% acters to write. 


Write Reference. 




"This is a sample" 




;Parameter Count 
;Reference Number For Write 
;Write Buffer Pointer 
; Write 15 Characters 

)EKEC filename 

v^hcrt filename is the name of the file you saved. 
The EXEC command wiU take whatever char- 
acters are in your file and enter them as if you 
were typing. When it is done entering the pro- 
gram, tjpe... 

)SAVE progname 

This wiU save it as a regular BASIC program. 
Now you can run it ana operate on it as any 
other BASIC program. 

If you already have a program in BASIC and 
want to then edit it wim your word processor. 



Everything is the same except for the new vari- 
EQU "^-WRITEBUFFER wiU calculate how 
many characters are between the two variables 
automatically put that value in your write block. 

I purchased a 65C802 chip from you a while ago 
and I'm just now experimenting with it. I'm do- 
ing all my programming in assembly in order to 
get the added power out of the 65(J802. Everv- 
thing seems to be working fine except the new i6 
bit mode. Everytime I switch into this mode with 
the appropriate REP command, the system seems 
to hang. Any clues of what this could be? 

ON THREE October, 1987 



The Apple /// was never intended to use the new 
65C802 chip. But that doesn't mean it can't. 
Your problem has to do with interupts occuring 
while the processor is in the new 16 bit mode. 
The interupt handlers expect the machine to be in 
a certain mode when an interupt occurs. If it's in 
16 bit mode, it just dies a horrible death. In or- 
der to the new mode on the Apple /// you need to 
turn off interupts while you are in 16 bit mode. 
Be sure to turn off interupts in the following 
manner as is recommended by Apple Computer. 

PHP ;Save the old interupt status. 
SEL ;Tum off interupts. 

;Your 16 bit code goes here. 
PLP ;Restore old interupt status. 

I have Pascal 1.2 and I really like the file select- 
ion in the editor. I'd like to add that file selection 
into my Pascal programs but I dread having to 
figure out and write that code. Is there any way I 
can just 'tap' into the file selection that's already 
in Pascal 1.2? 

Yes. There is a library unit called DIRSTUFF in 
Pascal 1.2. The instructions on how to use this 
unit in your Pascal programs is in the Pascal 1.2 

^1 ^b/- wOplus $6 s/h 

The Desktop Manager 

This is the most complete and sophisticated desk accessory program ever written! Finally you can 
unclutter your desk the Desktop Manager way. The Desktop Manager places all of the desk accessory utilities 
you need — appointment calendar, notepad and calculator — within every program you own, so you can use 
them as if they were a part of your original programs. While you are using your program, you cannot see the 
Desktop Manager. However, by pressing only two keys the Desktop Manager menu appears, ready for your 
use fi-om within any application! 

Note Pad - This handy tool has multiple pages per note, word wrap, automatic repagination, pick up and paste, and many 
other features usually found only in a word processing program. On-line help screens (a standard Desktop Manager feature) 
make using the Note Pad effortless as well as convenient. 

Appointment Calendar - Set multiple appointments daily through December 31, 1999. As your appointment is due, a 
reminder appears on your screen regardless of what application you're using. The daily and weekly appointments are shown at 
a glance and, as with all Desktop Manager options, help screens are only two keystrokes away. 

Calculator - A powerful electronic workhorse, the Calculator has full 16-digit accuracy and advanced functions such as SIN, 
COS, TAN, LXDG's, x to a power, square root pi, memory and base conversions in addition to the basic add, subtract, multiply 
and divide functions. Also, you can invoke a simulated scrolling paper tape for printing later or pasting into another 

Disk Manager 

ASCII Chart 

Disk Manager 

This Desktop Manager module usts the decmial, hexidecmial and 
corresponding character values of all ASCII keyboard characters. A 

File Commands 

List Directory 
Copy File 
De ete File 
Rename File 

Use Arrow keys to SELECT, Press 

Device Commands 

List All Devices 
Copy Volume 
Format Disk 
Rename Volume 
Verify Volume 

*? = Help 

second screen shows the decimal and hexidecimal equivalents of 
keypresses which include the control key. This keypress table can 
be invaluable when you need to know printer commands to enable 
different printer modes. The ASCII table is a necessary tool for 
programmers of all skill levels. Why not have them both at your 
fingertips? Only $9.95 plus $3 s/h. 

This Desktop Manager module features the most frequently used 
appHcations of Apple's System Utilities and makes them 
available to your from within any program. Copy, delete, 
rename, lock/ unlock and Ust all of the files on your disk 
without leaving the program you're using. Copy, format, rename 
and verify volume commands are available as well, so you will 
never again lose data because you exited a program to format a 
disk. AU for $44.95 plus $3 s/h. 

Order the 
Desktop Manager module 
you need today! 
Disk Manager - $44.95 plus $3 s/h 
ASCII Chart - $9.95 plus $3 s/h 


October, 1987 


Program Version Update 

by David Ottalini 

A guide to /// software 

One of the greatest frustrations about 
owning a computer that no longer is 
supported by its manufacturer is not 
knowing what the latest or last ver- 
sion of a particular program or driver 
is. In too many instances IVe seen 
people (not to mention businesses) us- 
ing older versions of programs, dri- 
vers and of SOS itself without know- 
ing that they are missing out by not us- 
ing the latest upgrade. It hurts the per- 
formance of the Apple /// and prevents 
the user from getting the most out of 
the machine. 

This article is an attempt to provide an 
up-to-date listing of at least some of 
the programs /// users continue to 
work with on a daily basis. 

To begin with, however, one should 

know it's nearly impossible to find 
out the latest version numbers of 
many programs. In some cases, there 
was never a version indicated any- 
where on the disk, the documentation 
or in the program itself (such as with 
Apollo Software's Font Generator /// 
program). In such a case, the best one 
can do is go with the last date indicat- 
ed on the disk as to when the program 
was created or saved as an indication 
of the latest version. 

You'll notice a few blanks spaces as 
I've left them in with hoping that 
loyal ON THREE readers can provide 
the missing numbers. That way, we 
can have an update sometime m the 
future. I'd also be interested to know 
the version number of any program 
not listed. 

Please also note that the company list- 
ing does not necessarily mean that 
company stiU sells the product or sup- 
ports it (most products are available 
from other sources, like ON THREE, 
Pair Software and Sun Systems Re- 
marketing). Lotus, for example, 
bought out VisiCorp, the original de- 
veloper of VisiCalc. And Apple no 
longer supports any /// products. 
Haba/Arrays has also disappeared 
from the scene as far as I can tell. 

There are a few small companies 
which have produced products lor the 
/// fliat can be contacted, such as 
Sourceware of Littleton, Colo., South- 
eastern Software of New Orleans, La. 
and Living VideoText of Mountain 
View, Calif. 

1 Company 





Version 1 

1 Apple Computer 

Access /// 


On Three 


1.0 1 

1 Apple Computer 

Access /// Interp Version 


Pair Software 

Data Base /// 

4.2.0 1 

. Apple Computer 

Access 3270 


Southeastem Software 

Data Capture /// 


I Action Research 



Data File /// 

1.0 1 

1 ADI America 



Pair Software 

Data Graph /// 

TBA 1 

1 Apple Computer 

Apple File /// 


Micro Lab 

Data Manager /// 

1.00 1 

1 Apple Computer 

Apple Speller 


Pair Software 

Data Window /// 


1 Apple Computer 

Apple Writer 


Link Systems 


2.1 1 

Apple Computer 

Apple Writer-Super 


On Three 

Desktop Manager 


1 Experience in Software 

Art of Negotiating 

On Three 

Desktop Manager Toolkit 

1.0 1 

1 Apple Computer 

Backup /// 


Lotus Development 

DeskTop Plan /// 

1.0 1 

1 Pair Software 

Basic GTO 



Directory Labeler /// 

1.3 1 

1 Pair Software 

Basic Utilities 



Discourse (Catalyst 2.1) 


1 Pair Software 

Basic XRF 


Pair Software 

Disk Window /// 


Pair Software 

Basic XT 


On Three 

Draw On /// 


1 BPI Systems, Inc 

BPI Gen Accounting 


Sun Systems 

Easyterm /// 

2.1 1 

1 State of the Art 

Budget and Financial Rptg 

Pair Software 

Electronic Mailman 

3.1 1 

1 Apple Computer 

Business Basic 


Apollo Software 

Font Generator /// 

9/82 1 

1 Apple Computer 

Business Graphics 


Apollo Software 

Font Pak for Font Generator 

1 Data Pak Software 

Calendar Pak /// 


Sun Systems 



On Three 

Card Machine 


Apple Computer 

Fortran Compiler 


1 Quark 



On Three 

Fruit Machine 

1.0 1 

1 Pair Software 

Checkbook /// 


State of the Art 

General Ledger SOA 

1 Apple Computer 

Cobol /// 


Pair Software 

Go Forth 

3.4 1 

1 Apple Computer 

COBOL Animator 



Graph 'n Calc 

2.1? 1 

1 Apple Computer 

COBOL Compiler 


On Three 

Graphics Manager 


' Apple Computer 

COBOL Forms2 


Great Plains 

Great Plains Accounting 


1 Digital Microware 

Copy /// 




1 Sun Systems 





1.0 1 

ON THREE October, 1987 


Company Program 





Sun Systems Monet 


Pair Software 

Power Keys Mod.: QuickScm 


SSR Motory Inventory Mgmt. 


Pair Software 

Power Keys Mod.: ShowTime 


Foxware Inkwell 

Pair Software 

Power Keys Mod.: TypeRite 


State of the Art Inventory Control 


Pair Software 

Power Print Parallel 


Great Plains Inventory Management 


Pair Software 

Power Print Serial 


CFS IRA Amortizations and Savings 

Beaman Porter, Inc. 



Keystone Software Keystone Accounting System 


Sun Systems 



Brock Keystroke Data Base 



PubHc Domain /// 

Brock Keystroke Report Generator 


Apple Computer 

QuickFile /// 


On Three Lazarus 


Random Number /// 


Quark Lexicheck (Spelling Checker) 


Apple Computer 

RPS /// 

Apollo Software Macstuff 



Screen Director 

Apple Computer Mail List Manager 


On Three 

Selector /// 


Quark Mail List Manager Interface 

Apple Computer 

Senior Analyst /// 


On Three Memory Test, 512K 


Apple Computer 

Sort Directory 


Menu /// 


Sun Systems 



Microcom Micro Courier 


Pair Software 

Source Window /// 


On Three Mr. Sandman 



Stem writer 

Blyth Software OMNIS 3 


Smith Micro Software 

Stock Portfolio System 


Pair Software PASCAL 


Apple Computer 

System Utilities 


Apple Computer PASCAL Compiler 


On Three 

TDM Module: ASCE Chart 


D.A.DataSystems PC Copy 


On Three 

TDM Module: Chg. File Type 


Software Publishing Co. PFS File 


On Three 

TDM Module: Change Font 


Software PubHshing Co PFS Graph 


On Three 

TDM Module: Comm. Mgr 


Software PubHshing Co. PFS Report 


On Three 

TDM Module: Desktop Setup 


Apple Computer Pmove 


On Three 

TDM Module: Disk Manager 


Pair Software Post Master 


On Three 

TDM Module: File Print 


Pair Software Power Cat 


On Three 

TDM Module: File View 


Pair Software Power Keys DMh- 


On Three 

TDM Module: Labeler 


Pair Software Power Keys Module: AsciTbl 


On Three 

TDM Module: Macro Manager 


Pair Software Power Keys Mod.: DiskMgr 


On Three 

TDM Module: Make Subdir. 


Pair Software Power Keys Mod.: FileDump 


On Three 

TDM Module: Menu Manager 


Pair Software Power Keys Mod.: FileScan 


On Three 

TDM Module: Monitor/Enable 


Pair Software Power Keys Mod.: FontLoad 


On Three 



Pair Software Power Keys Mod.: Lockout 


On Three 

TDM Module: Printer Setup 


Pair Software Power Keys Mod.: Moduload 


On Three 

TDM Module: Print Screen 


Pair Software Power Keys Mod.: NotePad 


On Three 

TDM Module: Reload and Exit 


Pair Software Power Keys Mod.: PrintMgr 


On Three 

TDM Module: Screen Dump 


Pair Software Power Keys Mod.: QuickCalc 


On Three 

TDM Module: Show Time + 


Pair Software Power Keys Mod.: QuickCat 


On Three 

TDM Module: Typewriter 


Pair Software Power Keys Mod.: QuickCrpt 


On Three 

TDM Module: Warning 


Pair Software Power Keys Mod.: QuickDial 


Sun Systems 

Telephone Access Program 


Pair Software Power Keys Mod.: QuickMon 


On Three 


The Apple /// Card Machine 





On Three The Apple /// Fruit Machine 

Pair Software The Retriever 

Living VideoText ThinkTank 

Haba/Arrays /// E-Z Pieces 

C&H Taxes Timesaver Taxes 

D.A. DataSystems Two-N-Fro /// Beta 

Sourceware Type Conv /// 

Applied Software Technol Versaform 1 




Q @IM1 ¥lnll^ 






or 1^0-331*1418 



In Cdllfornlii 

Lotus Development 
Lotus Development 

Lotus Development 


WOS Data Systems 

Pair Software 


VisiCalc Advanced 

VisiCalc Format Aids /// 

VisiSchedule /// 

Word Juggler 


XModem /// 



1 r 

A b 


TIT "^^ 'WT AT T '^r ATT ^'^TT 

\^% oN^fes. «iowy rn^rn^ ^tmmii, 
m Ai m ^ftw0r$ mwm. mm$^ 
$<jtt to is%^ t^^t0mn$ i^Mm. AH 
i w«hotrt (i^rlor ^uthorij&atfeh wiir b^ 
c tdt ih^ t^^iomm. No software 
nii^ residents add B% sate^ tax. 








Action Research 

Zardax /// 




October, 1987 ON THREE 


Survey respondents needed! 

In the June issue of ON THREE, Dr. 
Allan Bloom submitted a two-page 
survey for all Apple /// owners and 
users to fill out. The response has 
been pretty foul," Dr. Bloom said re- 
cently. The information collected was 
intended to be used for a panel dis- 
cussion entitled, "The Future of 
Apple /// Software." However, at this 
point, Dr. Bloom says that the in- 
formation is statistically meaningless. 
ON THREE in conjunction with 
Phase III would like to include an ar- 
ticle with the survey results in an up- 
coming issue. Without every subscrib- 
ers input, though, the article will not 
be possible. Dr. Bloom urges all sub- 
scnbers to kindly tear out pages 19 
and 20 of their June issues of ON 
THREE magazine, fill them out and 
send them in. The correct mailing ad- 
dress to send them to, is listed on the 
bottom of page 20 on the survey! 


With the release of Earl Brelje's 
Super Disk No. 2 for the Desktop 
Manager, ///ers will have fun expen- 
menting with the screen font changer. 

"SXtt^^"^, ^ott tiott^ a ^iiltttXii foitt 

But, if you don't like the font you 
chose, change it! However, this is 
only a screen font and cannot be 
printed by using the screen font 

/// desktop publishing 

Want to learn about desktop pub- 
lishing on the IIP. One year ago, ON 
THREE published an article by Ken 
Johnson who uses desktop publish- 
ing on the ///. He encourages ///ers 
who would like to learn more about 
desktop publishing, other than the in- 
formation in his article, to contact him 
at JAM Graphics, P.O. Box 79, 
Granby, MA 01033 or call (413) 467- 
7722. He will gladly assist ///ers. 

Did you know? 

Did you know that before the Apple 
/// was discontinued by Apple Com- 
puter, over three years ago, there 
were more than 300 application soft- 
ware products available for the ///? It 
is hard to believe this. If you would 
like to learn more about the various 
products, a good reference book is 
^'Will Someone Please Tell Me What 
an Apple /// Can Do?" The book can 
be purchased through ON THREE. I 
was appalled at some of the programs 
set up for the ///. It was surely 
intended to be a powerful computer 
and for those of us who still use a ///, 
it is still a mighty one! - Editor. 

Cleaning kits 

There is quite a wide variety of clean- 
ing kits available for both disk drives 
and printers. Clean Image of San 
Francisco, Calif, is one such com- 
pany that manufactures cleaning kits 
for dot matrix or daisy wheel printers. 
Their latest, the Printer Head Qean- 
ing Kit, is a cartridge which snaps 
into the printer in place of the ribbon 

Ohm Electronics of Palatine, 111. puts 
out a disk drive cleaning kit for both 
3.5 disk drives and 5 and 1/4 inch 
drives. Periodic head cleaning pro- 
tects the software and hardware on 
your /// and helps prevent read/write 
errors. The company has a toll free 
order line 1-800-323-2727 and (312) 
359-6040 for Illinois residents. 

New products 

If you have just bought an Apple Eos 
and are in need of a few items, you 
may want to contact ON THREE. 
Right now, you can order The Desk- 
top ManagerTM for the IIgs as well as 
dust covers. Dust covers are $9.95 
plus $2 s/h. For further information 
about the gs Desktop Manager, call 
ON THREE at (805) 644-3514. 


Phoneflex, a new product, is a por- 
table data jack that enables transmis- 
sion of data by hooking up modems, 
portable computers, ^x machines, 
telex machines, fax board for PCs, 
video photophones, etc. to any office 
or mobile telephone. 

According to Barbara Scott of TVMP, 
the makers of Phoneflex, the product 
is the only coupler that overcomes the 
need for dedicating a single phone 
line for data transmission. It works 
with Hayes computer modems and 
Rockwell fax modems. 

For further product information, call 

1-800-762-3361 or in Texas call, 
(713) 266-9779. 


Whenever a user disassembles an 
Apple /// computer for any reason, re- 
member to power down fc!efore touch- 
ing anything! 


When receiving ON THREEs new 
Super Disk No. 2, it woiks best to 
m^e it a subdirectory on the menu. 
Just use the Menu Manager on Super 
Disk No. 1. A great way to distin- 
guish a subdirectory from a module 
on the Desktop Manager menu is by 
using extra spaces, like a tab in the 
Option List. Here is an example: 

Note Pad 
Macro Manager 
Disk Manager 
File/Disk Util 
Super Disk #2 

Doesn't that make it easier to spot the 
Super Disk directory? 

ON THREE October, 1987 


Apple /// User Groups 


Carmichael^CA 95608 

Orange County Apple /// 
User Group 

LA-So. Bay Apple/// 

Qsers Group 

P.O. Box 432 

Redondo Beach, CA 90277 


Apple ///Users of 
Northern California 

International Apple Core 
_ 3 George Street 
^antaCll^ra_,(I::A 95054 


Apple British Columbia 

ComDuter Societv Apple /// S.I.G. 

1 453 Higfflusfi Trail 

.69. Burnaby, BC 


Colorado Apple Three User Group 
P.O. 60X3155 ^ 



Apole /// Societv of South Conn. 
34 Burr School Hd. 
Westport, CT 06880 


Sarasota Apple /// User Group 

c/o Cornputer Center 

909 S. Tamiami Trail 

Nokomis.FL 33555 



Atlanta ///Society 
385 Saddle Lake Road 
RoswelJL GA 30076 

c/o Lavona Rann 

1 1 13 Wheaton Oaks Drive 




Users Group 

..w^,^..... ^,,., .XV. 66205 

So. k^ine Apple Users Group 
Casco St. 

ort^ME 04033 

" »-4761ext.2249 


Appre/// S.I.G. Chairman 
Washinaton Apple Pi 
8227 W5odmorVt Ave. #201 


Minnesota Apple Corps User Group 

Hopkins^ MN 55343 

New Jersey 

North Jersey Apple /// Users Group 
^0 Roger T. Richardson 
P.O. Box 251 
Aflamuchy^NJ 07820 

Norm Carolina Apple /// User Group 
2609 North buke St. #1 03 
Durham, NC 27704 

Cincinnati Apple /// User Group 
5:^42 Horizonvue Drive 
Cincinnati, OH 45239 

Apole Dayton - Apple ///S.I.G. 

Fairbor°n^^OH 45324-7666 


Oregon Apple /// Users Group 
lOOT S.Vvlbth Ave. #2000 
Portland OR 97204 
(503) 64^-6789 

Appl^ /// Users 

c/o H. Van der Straeten, Vestinglaan 


2580 Sint-Katel ijne- Waver 



Apple User Group Europe e.V. 

Oberhausen 1 1 
West Germany 
0049-6195-7 3917 


Ganzenkweerd 22 
NL-6229TG Maastricht 
The Netherlands 

British Apple Systems User Group 

Watford Herts. England WD2 6NF 
0727 7339/72^2r 

Le Club Apple 

43 Avenue de la Grande- Armee 

751 16 Paris, France 

Apple /// User Group 
aoCanberra Accounting Services 



)|e Corps of Dallas 

P'.0. Box 5537 
Richardson, TX 75080 

River C'rtv Apple Corps/// S.I.G. 

Austin, TX 78711 



lie Users Group 

P.O. Box 61 01 50 
Houston^TX 77063 
(713) 486-5690 or 974-51 53 


Charlottsville Apple /// User Group 

21 6 Turkey Ridge Road 

Charlottsvflle^VA 22901 

(804) 642-56^5 

Greater Tidewater Apple /// User 


Hayes, VA 23072 

"" ) 642-5655 or 898-3500, ex. 2671 

Apple THREE Group International 
c/o H. Joseph Dobrowolski 
P.O. Box 913 
LangleyAFB_,VA 23665 



Langley AFB,\ 


If you wish to meet other Apple /// 
owners and exchange ideas, contact 
one of the user groups listed above. 

ON THREE -the only company which offers technical support for all 
Apple /// products for free or a minimal fee. 

ON THREE, Inc. warrants all of its products an(j offers full technical support for a period of up to 90 days. This 
has always been the company's policy and ON THREE will continue to help valued customers as much as 
possible. However, lately, the abuses to the limited technical staff have been overwhelming. Every day ON 
THREE receives dozens of calls from /// users with questions on products that were purchased years ago, 
questions on software the caller frankly admits he/she has copied from a friend or other source but "doesn't 
have the manual and can you step me through the program?" Also, there are calls concerning products that 
were purchased from companies and dealers that have gone out of business or refuse to support Apple /// 
products. Due to these type of phone calls and the abuse of toll free order lines for technical support questions, 
ON THREE has changed its policy of unlimited free technical support. 

For those Apple /// owners and users who are interested in technical support here are some guidelines and 
further information: 

Technical support line: (805) 644-3514 
Hours: Mon. thru Thurs. 9-noon, 1-5 p.m. 

Friday 9-noon PST 


ON THREE offers free assistance on products purchased from ON THREE in the last 90 days. 
ON THREE offers assistance for a minimal fee on products that: 

1. Were not purchased from ON THREE within the last 90 days 

2. Are not ON THREE products 

3. Were obtained from an unauthorized source 

When calling for technical support, be sure to give the operator your name and address, product name and 
purchase date. If it falls into the free assistance category, you will be transferred to a technician. If it falls into 
the paid support category, you will be asked for your credit card number and expiration date. The call will be 
timed from the second you are connected to the technician until you hang up. 

Fees - $5 for the first 3 minutes and $1 per minute for each additional minute. Minimum credit billing to the 
customer's Visa, MC, or AE is $15. 

One, Two, /// Forum 


Wish list 

Thank you for your kind telephone 
support over the past few months. I 
recently purchased the 65C802 chip 
but as yet have not had the chance to 
install It. Quickly, would you tell me 
the location of the chip it replaces? 

I am also looking forward to the 
future releases of Spelling checker for 
/// E-Z Pieces which I previously 
expressed interest in. Also, I am 
interested in SOS and Pascal updates. 
One SOS function I would like to see 
expanded is the space for and number 
of device drivers. Using Selector ///, I 
have just about exhausted the driver 
space and I have about IK left. 

ON THREE is the only magazine that 
I read from cover to cover the day that 
it arrives and I have saved them all! I 
look forward to receiving it each 

John C. Laughlin, 
Honolulu, Hawaii 

Thank you for the kind remarks about 
our tech support line and our 

Concerning your remarks about the 
Spelling checker, make sure you tell 
every IH'er who has III E-Z Pieces to 
write to tell us that they would like to 
purchase the Checker. Due to the III 
economy y we may not be producing 
the Spelling Checker unless we ^et 
enough response from people like 
yourself. The more people who call 
in to purchase it, the better chance 
there is that the Spelling Checker will 
be made. SOS and Pascal updates are 
also bein^ considered, but the same 
rule applies, the users will now de- 
cide what will and will not be made. 
We will put your letter on the wish 
list for these products. 

Also, the 65C802 chip replaces the 
6502 chip, right next to the 522 chip. 

AppleTalk LAN 
Thank you lor sending the programs 

and Apple /// Service Manual which I 
orderea recently from you. All pro- 
grams run just line and Lazarus /// is 

The company I work for has several 
Macs, Lisas and IBM PC's hooked 
up to an AppleTalk LAN. Is it 
possible to connect an Apple /// to this 
network and what software/hardware 
is required? The answer might be of 

"We are trying to in- 
crease the level of enthu- 
siasm among a group 
sure to feel left out..." 

interest to more people than I know. 

Thank you for your excellent 
magazine and products. 

Jos Wils, 
New Zealand 

/ am glad that you like your new 
programs and enjoy our products and 
magazine. Thank you for the compli- 

Your question is one that may interest 
many III users. Unfortunately, there is 
not any hardware made to connect 
your III up to this type of setup. 

New approach 

I read with trepidation and dismay the 
mailing sent out in early July. The 
wailing and lamentations seem to in- 
dicate someone who has lost a favor- 
ite toy and isn't quite sure where to 
lay blame. The dilemma faced by ON 
THREE is not new not is it unusual; 
witness the poor showing for the 
update to /// E-Z Pieces. 

We who support and use the Apple /// 
must accept that the new family of 
users are not financially secure busi- 
nesses but are private citizens who 

probably acquired the /// for a small 
sum from an employer or a university 
who switched to Big Blue" or a 
clone thereof. We are in the unen- 
viable position of trying to increase 
the level of enthusiasm among a 
group that is sure to feel left out and 
confused by Apple, the lack of new 
material and the misguided minions of 
Jobs that dumped on the ///. 

Okay, what is the approach to take? 
You all have started with programs 
and support for the rest of the Apple 
family of computers. Where is it 
written that a single system must be 
totally self-supporting? I think that a 
good product introduced and sold 
within the larger II community can 
help carry the good old /// for many 
years to come. Surely Bell Telephone 
hasn't been totally wrong all these 

Let's not give up for the sake of an 
outdated economic principle! We do 
need a sound company producing 
new material for the III and supporting 
that material but we do not need a 
source of just Apple /// software and 
-hardware enhancements if a combin- 
ation of efforts will pay off iust as 
well for all of us. Think on that for 
awhile, it appears that the ON THREE 
group is headed that direction anyway 
so why not be up front and say so 
instead of trying to scare the users 
about the problems of supporting the 
/// in a standalone mode. 

The new software and hardware items 
you are considering can surely be port- 
ed over to the lie and the IIgs and 
maybe even the new family of Mac's. 
What do you say to this proposal? 
Can we get on with the business of 
supporting a fine machine and still 
make a living from the rest of the 
bunch? I think it can be done and we 
don't need another mailer like the last 
to those that do support the firms that 
develop material for the ///. 

Incidentally, just to lay your fears at 
rest, I did purchase several items 
from the flyer in a vain attempt to 

ON THREE October, 1987 


ON THRBB introcCuces... 

NO. 11 AND NO. 12 

Disk No. 11 


This disk contains Bob Con- 
sorti's printing utility Image- 
Writer for both Apple DMP or 
ImageWriter printers. Rotate 
your drawings and print them 
either large or small with this 
Pascal or Business Basic pro- 
gram. The disk also includes 
graphics and audio demos. 

Disk No. 12 

Learn how to pick lottery num- 
bers randomly; catalog a disk 
by two way scrolling the direc- 
tory; and find text files on a 
disk, read the files to the print- 
er, console or another disk on 
this DOM. It also includes pro- 
grams to make beautiful de- 
signs such as random shapes 
and even diamonds. 

Order both DOM's today and save 
nearly $5 off single disk price!* 

*DOM's are $14.95 plus $2 s/h. Order two or more and you pay 
only $12.50 per disk, add $4 s/h. 


Classified Rates: $1 per word, $25 minimum. 
Copy must arrive 35 to 40 days prior to cover date, 
e,g, October 23 for December issue. 

Subscriber Discount: 50 cents per word, 
$12>50 minimum. 

Send ad copy with check to: 
De Classifieds 
P.O. Box 3825 
Ventura, CA 93006 


Memory Board Insurance! 

Have you ever wondered what would happen if your Apple /// suddenly went bad? Has your machine ever 
sputtered to a halt? How would you get things done while you waited for your Apple /// to be fixed by a place halfway 
across the country? 

Well, OA/ THREE has the answer with 2 56 K and 512K Memory Board Insurance! 

For only $50 (or less!) per year, ON THREEmW provide an unlimited extended warranty on your Apple /// 256K 
or 51 2K Memory board. If your memory board goes bad, we will ship you via overnight mail a replacement 256K or 
51 2K memory board. As soon as you get the new memory board, send back the faulty one in the handy package we 

All current 256K and 51 2K Apple /// owners are eligible to participate. Simply phone in your order or send in a 
check for $50. At the time of the order you must specify if you're using a 256K or 51 2K system. An official ON THREE 
Insurance certificate will be issued in your name and immediately mailed to you. 

We even offer multiple purchase discounts. The per year premium on two 256K or 51 2K memory boards 
is $40 per board. If you have three boards the costs is $35 per board and if you have four or more memory boards, the 
fee will be $30 per board. 

Hurry, order your insurance policy today - before it's too late! 

512K Memory Upgrade Sale! 


We know that there are still 90,000+ Apple ///'s out there 
that have not upgraded to 51 2K of memory and we are com- 
mitted to letting all Apple /// owners enjoy the benefits of an 
enhanced Apple ///. 

Send in your old 256K board for $35 software credit toward 
your next purchase. Installation is $50! Available by appoint- 

ment only. 

For largerspreadsheets, databases, word processing docu- 
ments and faster program utilization, you can't lose! If you 
have any questions about the upgrade, feel free to call ON 

The 512K Memory Upgrade includes: 

A Complete installation and guide for use. A Ultra-fast RAMDIsk driver with demonstration programs. 

A System Utilities 1 .2 which permits larger driver files. A 51 2K Upgrade utility which updates your programs. 

A Industry leading 90 day warranty! A Free technical support on the 51 2K upgrade 

A And of course, an Apple /// 51 2K memory board with state-of-the-art 256K memory chips. 

A512K Memory Confidence Program which tests all memory and ensures that your 51 2K/// is working properly. 

insure all of you that there are faithful 
customers out here even now. Now 
that that is out of the way, how about 
a little assistance? Do you have a cur- 
rent address for the Interactive Struc- 
ture folks? I also want you to know 
that I have a PKASOAJ card that I use 
with Draw ON ///, works great and 
the driver you provided works with 
other applications, too. Hang in there 
and keep the /// alive for a few more 

David C. Ellis, 
Fairfield, Iowa 

Remrding your remarks about ON 
THREE '5" approach to the new breed 
of III owners and users, who as you 
suggested, probably purdiased their 
III s for use at home, this company 
can only survive by programming on 
other Apple computers, such as the 
IlGS ana the lie and e. By making new 
software products for the III first and 
then porting over to the IIgs, the com- 
pany has barely been able to stay 

Due to the III economy, programs will 
be made by ON THREE for the II 
family and if there is enough interest 
generated in the III world for the pro- 
duct, it will be ported over to the III. It 
simply does not pay to program on 
the III for less than 10 percent of all III 
owners to purchase the product. Also, 
you cannot port hardware over from 
the III line to the II line or vice versa. 

We feel as though we have been up 
front about our programming on other 
computers. Please re-readformer edit- 
or, Lynne Denicola's "Apple Sauce," 
in Vol. 4 No. 1. You may also notice 
that not only did Lynne refer to ON 
THREE '^ programming on the IIgs 
in that article, but I assure you the 
Apple IIgs has been mentioned before 
in the Ranntings columns. We do like 
to keep as much IIgs information as 
we can out of the magazine as we 
want the magazine to be for III people! 
Sometimes, though, it is important to 
inform Apple III owners, who are 
looking for other systems to add to 
their collection, what is available that 
is similar to the III. Overall, a Ill-only 
magazine is currently one of the only 
connections IH'ers nave among one 

We are not trying to scare IITers about 
the problems, we are simply letting 
them know what is going on. If we 
didn't say anything and cancelled the 
services we provide to IH'ers without 

any warning calls, there would be a 
lot more people furious wanting to 
know why ON THREE didn't say 
something! Some people just forget 
that we aren't in business for fun and 
games. They need to be reminded that 
in order to keep the III world goin2, 
they need to support one of the only 
Apple III companies that provides free 
support eight hours a day for its pro- 
ducts! We realize that you are one of 
the supporters, but what about the 
people who call for tech support and 
have never bought anything from ON 
THREE? There are people like that. 
And, of course, they are the ones 
who need our flyers. When receiving 
our flyers, please don't take every- 
thing personally. You know whether 
or not you have been playing your 
part as a dedicated IH'er and ON 
THREE customer. (And, of course, 
you have been - thank you!) That's 
what matters, so just take advantage 
of the low prices! 

By the way, you may want to try the 
manufacturers of Shufflebuffer to see 
if they have a copy of the manual. 

Your request for Interactive Struc- 
tures' new address prompted me to 
do some investigative work. I finally 
tracked down the company, which is 
still located in Pennsylvania. Ac- 
cording to a company spokesperson. 
Interactive Structures has regrouped 
and is now known as Daisi Elect- 
ronics. Yes, they still have the 
PKASO interface cards. You can con- 
tact them at the following address and 
phone number. 

Daisi Electronics 

P.O. Box K 

Newtown Square, PA 19073 

(215) 644-8877 

Thank you for your continued sup- 
port and input. May you have many 
nice III years, too. 

Mail, De Classifieds 

I went through the trauma earlier this 
year of relocating from Idaho to Calif- 
ornia, a temporary residence, and fi- 
nally purchasing and setding in our 
own home. In the process of moving, 
the February 1987 issue of ON 
THREE never caught up with me. I 
have the January (old address) and 
March through this month (new 
address). Could you please check and 
see if the Post Office sent it back to 
you or what? I would really apprec- 
iate receiving that issue. There are too 

many good things to miss. 

Just a few words about your De 
Qassifieds. I wanted to put an ad in 
the August issue but having to do it 
so far in advance, well.. .is just a bit 
long. I suggest th^ ON THREE 
makes some changes aimed at 
publishing ads expeditiously. 

Rev. Jared Jenkins, 
King City, CaUf. 

We are sorry to hear that you missed 
your February issue due to a move, 
when a subscriber moves, bulk mail, 
such as ON THREE magazine, is not 
forwarded by the postal service. 
Therefore, it is necessary to let all 
magazines that you subscribe to know 
your new address about two months 
in advance. For instance, for this 
issue we would have needed the new 
address by August 1st in order to 
make the correction on the mailing 
label. Please, though, if you know at 
an earlier date that you'll be moving, 
let us know. 

Due to your request, and many 
others, like yours, I have managed to 
bump the deadline for the De Class- 
ifieds up a bit. Starting next month, 
the deadline date for De Classifieds 
payment and copy is nearly five 
weeks before the publication it should 
appear in insteaa of eight weeks. For 
instance, the ad copy would need to 
be at the ON THREE offices by Oct. 
25 for the December issue. This is as 
close to the publication date as we can 
get for ad copy. I hope you and 
others will take advantage of this. 

Underscoring with Apple Writer 

The answer which appeared earlier 
this year (April issue) about under- 
scoring in Apple Writer was correct as 
far as it went. The [\][BS] before a 
punctuation mark wiU neither under- 
score the punctuation mark nor leave 
a space between the underscored text 
and the punctuation mark. There is a 
similar problem with leading punc- 
tuation. The string (\ON THREE... 
will leave a non-desired space bet- 
ween the open parenthesis and the 
underscored text, like this: 


To avoid this, you must have a 
[BS][\] after the punctuation mark. 
The asyrnmetry is due to the way 
Apple Writer handles new lines. If an 

ON THREE October, 1987 


underscored word starts or ends a printed line, 
Apple Writer prints fiinny without it. 

There is an elegant solution to both problems for those 
with Apple Writer Versions 2.0 or 4.0. i added two special 
commands to the GLOS.KEYPAD file (the one that turns 
the numeric keypad into single-stroke AppleWriter 
commands), those two commands are (1) Open Apple- 
Backslash (0A-\) key combination to begin underscoring 
and (2) "OA-/" to turn underscoring off. The 0A-\ sends 
the underscoring and the (2) OA-/ turns the imderscoring 
off. The OA-\ sends a backspace to the printer before 
sending the \ underscore toggle. The OA-/ sends a 
backspace to the printer after sending the \ character. 

It's pretty straightforward to enter the new commands in 
the GLOS.KEYPAD file. Load GLOS.KEYPAD into 
AppleWriter and so to the end of the document. For the 
"start underscore command, type the following eight 

















The [v] is CONTROL-V and the <-- is the left arrow. For 
the "stop underscore" command, type these eight 









Answers to the Crossword from page 18 

The X characters are there because you cannot enter a 
CONTROL-V into an AppleWriter file directly. And the 
backspace must be flanked by CONTROL- Vs. You can, 
however, enter [v] with the find and replace command. 
Just find the four occurrences of x and replace each with a 
CONTROL-V (Find:/x/[v]/). When properly done, the 
added GLOS.KEYPAD lines have five characters each: 
















Then just save GLOS.KEYPAD. From the "additional 
functions" menu, reload the glossary file and you are ready 
to go. Note that this method means that HELP is now 
available only by pressing the OPEN APPLE-? 

Allan Bloom 
Blacksburg, Va. 

Thank you for the nice step-by-step procedure to help 
others with underscoring problems out. I am certain there 
are quite a few AppleWriter users who have been waiting 
for this information to beat the underscoring blahs! 

TCM updated 

I have been told that you have revised the Communications 
Manager to remove the bug that caused characters to drop 
when capturing the screen using 2400 baud or higher. I 
understand there is an upgrade. 

Tom Betz, 
Yonkers, N.Y. 

Yes, there is an update to the Communications Manager 
that has taken care of this small bu2. It is TCM version 1.3 
and is recommended that all TCm owners who use 2400 
baud or higher send in their TCM version 1.2 for an 
update. Please include $1 postage as well. 

How do you spell-relief with Speller ///? 

I have been having SOS interrupt conflicts between Apple 
Speller and the Desktop Manager. Since the problem is 
unique to me, despite my fours years of experience with 
the Apple ///. I would like to pass the facts on to you as 
they stand. 

I have an Apple /// with a 512K upgrade. I am using a 
Quark QCIO hard disk which has been upgraded to a 

8C20 by Quark. I have AppleWriter 2.0 installed under 
atalvst V. 2.1. I also have a Titan /// plus He card and a 
65c802 chip. All of this is probably not relevant to the 
problem that I experienced but will give you an idea of 
what equipment is mvolved. 

Initially, I installed AppleWriter on my hard disk volume 
"/QC" using Catalyst's mstall program. This automatically 
created the file: QC/CATALYST/APPLEWRITER from 
the original program disk file 

/AW3MASTER/S0S.INTERP and copied the various 
subdirectory utility files as well as setting up the Catalyst 
menu. AppleWriter was used in this configuration for 


October, 1987 


several months prior to the decision to 
also begin using Apple Speller. 

After reviewing the Apple Speller 
manual and several articles written in 
ON THREE magazine and other per- 
iodicals regarding others who have 
had problems with Apple Speller on 
the hard disk, I proceeded to install 
the program myself. 

At first I used the subdirectory path 
address the speller from within Apple- 
Writer were responded with varying 
malfunctions. The most frequent were 
SOS Error #44, System FaUure #06, 
File Not Found or a display of the 
Macro Manager's first MacroMap. 
This last is what gave me the impress- 
ion the the speller caUs were conflict- 
ing with the Desktop Manager. M^- 
ing a new subdirectory with the path 
/QC/Spell gave similar results when 

After talking to your technician, Dave 
Christenson, I followed his suggest- 
ion to remove the Desktop Manager 
driver to try again without having the 
Desktop Manager program active. 
This also produced the same results, 
however. It opened the lead that the 
Catalyst program could be causing the 

I then made a new subdirectory 
/QC/Applewriter and using System 
Utilities copied the Catalyst generated 
file QC /Catalyst/Applewriter to the 
new subdirectory QC/Applewriter/ 
SOS.interp. The AppleWnter utility 
files were also copied to this sub- 
directory. This necessitated a change 
in the Catalyst menu for both the 
initial oath and pathnames (#1 &#9) 
to /QC/Applewnter/SOS.interp. The 
speller program was left /QC/Spell. 

The speller program now works per- 
fectly from the AppleWriter Other 
Functions menu items K and L both 
with the Desktop Manager active and 
without. I just press the menu item M 
and respond with the macro /QC/ 
SpeU/ then proceed to the spelling 
checker or utihty. 

The problem described may be con- 
fined to my specific equipment setup 
and is offered as a reference only. I 
thought it might be helpful to you, 
should others make a relative in- 
quirv. It is my conclusion that Catal- 
yst ll somehow attempts to respond 
to the AppleWriter inputs when Catal- 

yst is part of the pathname, causing 
the SOS confusion. 

Fred W. Borrish, 
Douglasville, Ga. 

Of course, your problem seems to be 
unique to your specific setup but it is 
stilt worthwhile to share the informa- 
tion with other magazine readers. 
Your conclusion also seems to be 
quite right y especially when looking at 
the route you took to rework the 
AppleWriter program. Thanks for 
sharing the information. 

Sider solutions? 

I have been considering purchasing a 
Sider hard disk but have a few ques- 
tions to ask before I commit to such a 
large expense item. 

I operate my ///, 256K RAM with the 
Titan /// plus He cards with the fol- 
lowing software: /// E-Z Pieces, Word 
Juggler, VisiCalc, Draw ON /// and 
Manage Your Money in the He mode. 
I also nave the Desktop Manager. 

Can the Sider be compartmented so 
that I can use perhaps z-3 megabytes 
in the He mode and the remainder in 
the ///mode? 

If I purchase Selector /// can I still use 
my Word Juggler and VisiCalc disks? 
Will the software that I listed above 
work with Selector ///? 

Will I still be able to operate programs 
that are not stored on Selector /// on 
the hard disk? 

Albert C. Lauer, 
APO New York 

Xebec, the company that make the 
Sider as informed us that the Sider 10 
is no longer available and that they do 
not have any more interface cards that 
will fit the Apple III for any of their 
products. However, ON THREE is 
still selling Sider 20s for $950 plus 
$35 sih. ON THREE has decided to 
help our Apple II friends by pro- 
viding hard drives for the II world. 
For further informaltion about the 
Apple II hard drives, call ON THREE 
at the regular number, (805) 644- 

For you and others, here are the 
answers to your questions. First of 
all, the Sider can be compartmented. 
Regarding your questions about 

Selector, here is a list of programs 
Selector supports: 

Access /// 

Access 3270 

Advanced VisiCalc 

Apple n Emulation 

Apple FHe /// 

Apple Speller /// 

Apple /// Pascal Develop. Sys. 

AppleWriter /// 

Backup /// 


Apple /// Business Basic 

Apple /// Business Graphics 


Desktop Manager 

Draw ON /// 



Haba Merge 

Keystroke Data Base 

Keystroke Report Gen. 

Lazarus /// 




PES: Graph 

PES: Report 

Quick Eile /// 

Script /// 

Senior Analyst /// 

VisiCalc /// 

/// E-Z Pieces 

You will not be able to boot any pro- 
grams from your hard disk in the 
normal manner not in the Selector III 
menu. But why would you want to? 
Selector allows practically any pro- 
gram to be addea to the menu ana it is 
very simple to use. You can modify 
the menu as outlined in the program s 



For those ///ers who want to see 
the development of a SpeUing 
Checker for /// E-Z Pieces, please 
call or write in to put your name on 
the list. 

CALL (805) 644-3514 
or Write: ON THREE, Attn. 
Spelling Checker, P.O. Box 
3825, Ventura, CA 93006 

ON THREE October, 1987 


Call Three: Hotline 

The Call Three Hotttne is a servfce whereby Apple m owr>ers and users with questions can call art area number for 

answers. The incfMciuais answering you caits are fellow Apple /// users who volunteered to help those in need 

over some rough spots. They are not oompensated for this $ervice> so we owe them a resounding "three cheers" 

tor their kindness andgenerousity. 

If you are willing and able to aid others by answering questions, ptease write to ON THREE and provide the 

necessary intormatioa If you have questions, feel ix^^ to call our consultants fisted below. Please observe the 

calling hmjfs shown, and, before placing a call, double check the time zone so you don't inadvertently wake 

someone. No bther restrictions apply lo this service, 

For your reference, the accompanying table lists subjects and abbreviations used tn the "^Subjects'" column of the 

consultant listing. 








Colville Woodburn 


(603) 863-5590 

M,Tu,Th,F 7-8 p.m. 



Ken Johnson 




6-9 p.m. 



Don Loosli 




9-5 p.m. 



Harry T. Hanson 




6-9 p.m. 



Edward Gooding, Sr. 


(804) 747-8751 


6-9 p.m. 



Jeff Fritz 




8-11 p.m. 



Al Johnston 




9 -6 p.m. 



Paul Sanchez 




10-4 p.m. 



R.B. Thompson 




10-10 p.m. 



J.Donald Glenn 




7-1 p.m. 



Scott Weddel 




4-1 p.m. 



Jim Ferencak 




10 -5 p.m. 



Paul Thomas 




6-10 p.m. 



Earl T. Brelje 




4-9 p.m. 


CT,DB,WP.GE,Quick File, Omnis 3 

Ron Maupin 







Rodney Hendricks 




6-9 p.m. 



Terri Wiles 


(303) 850-7472 


10-6 p.m. 



William Prince 


(503) 254-6465 


9-4 p.m. 



Karl La Rue 




6-10 p.m. 



Pat Holwagner 




10-6 p.m. 



Viincent F. Latona 




9-5 p.m. 



Dennis R. Cohen 






10-10 p.m. 
7-9 p.m. 



Kelly C. McGrew 



Su-M,Th-Sa 7-9 p.m. 



Larry E. Kalland 







H. VanderStraeten 




7-1 p.m. 



Robert C.Sudduth 




6-9 p.m. 


AL, GE, PA, SO (German or English) 

Arnaud Trache 


21 03 0421 


10-7 p.m. 



J. Woretshofer 




9-12 a.m 



Salvador Garcia 




7-10 p.m. 




Abbreviation Table 














Assembly Lang. 


Business Basic 


































/// £-2 Pieces 






V^ Word Proo. 


0(1 Thre$ Prod. 




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Ventura, CA 

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Have you been waiting for a word processor that does it ali? Enough waiting, try ON THREES latest 
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^Design your very own fomi template 
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